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Antimicrobial activity and chemical constituents of the essential oils from flower, leaf and stem of Gypsophila bicolor from Iran.
Nat Prod Commun. 2011 Feb; 6(2):275-6.NP

Abstract

The volatile constituents from flower, leaf and stem of Gypsophila bicolor growing in Iran were obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed by GC and GC/MS. The flower oil was characterized by high amounts of germacrene-D (21.2%), p-cymene (20.6%), bicyclogermacrene (17.6%), gamma-dodecadienolactone (13.7%) and terpinolene (9.4%). Twenty-four constituents representing 97.4% of the leaf oil were identified of which germacrene-D (23.4%), terpinolene (14.5%), bicyclogermacrene (7.5%), gamma-dodecadienolactone (6.8%), p-cymene (6.7%) and cis-beta-ocimene (6.3%) were major components. The main components of the stem oil were gamma-dodecadienolactone (28.5%), bicyclogermacrene (14.8%), germacrene-D (12.6%), p-cymene (12.5%), terpinolene (11.6%) and trans-beta-ocimene (4.2%). The antimicrobial effects of flower, leaf and stem essential oils from Gypsophila bicolor were studied according to the agar diffusion cup method. The essential oils had a moderate effect on the Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, but had a substantial effect on the fungi studied.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Chemistry, Islamic Azad University, Khalkhal Branch, Khalkhal, Iran. shafaghata@yahoo.comNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21425693

Citation

Shafagha, Ali, and Masoud Shafaghatlonbar. "Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Constituents of the Essential Oils From Flower, Leaf and Stem of Gypsophila Bicolor From Iran." Natural Product Communications, vol. 6, no. 2, 2011, pp. 275-6.
Shafagha A, Shafaghatlonbar M. Antimicrobial activity and chemical constituents of the essential oils from flower, leaf and stem of Gypsophila bicolor from Iran. Nat Prod Commun. 2011;6(2):275-6.
Shafagha, A., & Shafaghatlonbar, M. (2011). Antimicrobial activity and chemical constituents of the essential oils from flower, leaf and stem of Gypsophila bicolor from Iran. Natural Product Communications, 6(2), 275-6.
Shafagha A, Shafaghatlonbar M. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Constituents of the Essential Oils From Flower, Leaf and Stem of Gypsophila Bicolor From Iran. Nat Prod Commun. 2011;6(2):275-6. PubMed PMID: 21425693.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Antimicrobial activity and chemical constituents of the essential oils from flower, leaf and stem of Gypsophila bicolor from Iran. AU - Shafagha,Ali, AU - Shafaghatlonbar,Masoud, PY - 2011/3/24/entrez PY - 2011/3/24/pubmed PY - 2011/4/19/medline SP - 275 EP - 6 JF - Natural product communications JO - Nat Prod Commun VL - 6 IS - 2 N2 - The volatile constituents from flower, leaf and stem of Gypsophila bicolor growing in Iran were obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed by GC and GC/MS. The flower oil was characterized by high amounts of germacrene-D (21.2%), p-cymene (20.6%), bicyclogermacrene (17.6%), gamma-dodecadienolactone (13.7%) and terpinolene (9.4%). Twenty-four constituents representing 97.4% of the leaf oil were identified of which germacrene-D (23.4%), terpinolene (14.5%), bicyclogermacrene (7.5%), gamma-dodecadienolactone (6.8%), p-cymene (6.7%) and cis-beta-ocimene (6.3%) were major components. The main components of the stem oil were gamma-dodecadienolactone (28.5%), bicyclogermacrene (14.8%), germacrene-D (12.6%), p-cymene (12.5%), terpinolene (11.6%) and trans-beta-ocimene (4.2%). The antimicrobial effects of flower, leaf and stem essential oils from Gypsophila bicolor were studied according to the agar diffusion cup method. The essential oils had a moderate effect on the Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, but had a substantial effect on the fungi studied. SN - 1934-578X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21425693/Antimicrobial_activity_and_chemical_constituents_of_the_essential_oils_from_flower_leaf_and_stem_of_Gypsophila_bicolor_from_Iran_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -