Education for dialysis patients lowers long-term phosphate levels and maintains health-related quality of life.Clin Nephrol. 2011 Apr; 75(4):319-27.CN
This study aims at biological, knowledgeable, behavioral and health-related quality of life effects of self-dosing of phosphate binders before and after an education program in patients with CKD.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
The following 12-month study included 43 patients with CKD Stage 4 - 5 and plasma phosphate levels repeatedly above recommended maximum level. Patients underwent a structured educational program regarding calcium and phosphate balance, food intake and phosphate binders comprising a 60-min session, 3 - 5 times during a 2-month period (intervention). Patients' knowledge on the topics included in the program was assessed before and after the program as well as phosphate levels.
The mean plasma phosphate level had decreased significantly directly after the intervention (1.87 mmol/l, p < 0.05) and remained low over time; 1.78 mmol/l at 12 months follow-up (p < 0.001). The patients' self-reported knowledge regarding food intake, calcium/phosphate balance and self-dosing of phosphate binders increased significantly after instruction (p < 0.001).
A structured education program focusing on calcium and phosphate balance and self-dosing of phosphate binders significantly increased the patients' self-reported knowledge regarding these issues which in turn led to changes in behaviors reflected in decreased long-term plasma phosphate levels.