[Effectiveness of traumatic dislocation of knee joint combined with multiple ligament injuries treated by stages].Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2011; 25(2):225-8ZX
To observe the effectiveness of traumatic dislocation of the knee joint combined with multiple ligament injuries treated by stages.
Between june 2005 and November 2008, 13 cases of traumatic dislocation of the knee joint combined with multiple ligament injuries were treated by stages, including 9 males and 4 females with an average age of 30.7 years (range, 18-54 years). The dislocations were left knee in 3 cases and right knee in 10 cases. The causes of injury were sports injury in 8 cases, traffic accident injury in 2 cases, falling from height injury in 2 cases, and sprain injury in 1 case. The average time from injury to hospitalization was 9 hours (range, 6 hours to 2 days). Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), and medial collateral ligament (MCL) were involved in 8 cases; ACL, PCL, and lateral collateral ligament (LCL) in 3 cases; and ACL, PCL, MCL, and LCL in 2 cases. The valgus stress testing results of 10 knees were ++ to +++; the varus stress testing results of 5 knees were ++ to +++; all knees showed positive in the anterior or the posterior drawer test and ++ to +++ in Lachman test. The nerve, vessel, MCL, LCL, PCL, meniscus were repaired in the first operation. The functional exercise of knee joint was done after fixation for 3-4 weeks. During the second operation, the ACL was reconstructed under arthroscopy after the range of motion (ROM) of knee joint was good with anterior instability of knee within 4-6 months.
All wounds healed by first intention after two operations; no complications of infection and compartment syndrome occurred. All cases were followed up 12-60 months with an average of 36 months. Joint effusion of knee occurred in 2 cases at 4 weeks after the first operation and was cured after removal of fluid. At 3 months after the second operation, the results of valgus stress testing and Lachman test were ++ in 1 case, respectively; the results of valgus stress testing, varus stress testing, and Lachman test were + in 1 case, respectively; and others showed negative results. After 12 months of the second operation, the mean flexion of the knee was 123.4 degrees (range, 100-135 degrees), and the mean extension of the knee was 2.3 degrees (range, 0-4 degrees). According to Lysholm evaluation system, 9 patients got excellent results, 2 good, and 2 fair; the excellent and good rate was 84.6%.
It is an effective method in the treatment of traumatic dislocation of the knee joint combined with multiple ligament injuries by stages.