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Vitamin status and needs for people with stages 3-5 chronic kidney disease.

Abstract

Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) often experience a decline in their nutrient intake starting at early stages of CKD. This reduction in intake can affect both energy-producing nutrients, such as carbohydrates, proteins, and fats, as well as vitamins, minerals, and trace elements. Knowledge of the burden and bioactivity of vitamins and their effect on the health of the patients with CKD is very incomplete. However, without sufficient data, the use of nutritional supplements to prevent inadequate intake may result in either excessive or insufficient intake of micronutrients for people with CKD. The purpose of this article is to briefly summarize the current knowledge regarding vitamin requirements for people with stages 3, 4, or 5 CKD who are not receiving dialysis.

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    MeSH

    Avitaminosis
    Diet
    Dietary Supplements
    Energy Intake
    Food Preferences
    Homocysteine
    Humans
    Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
    Nutritional Requirements
    Nutritional Status
    Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
    Vitamins

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    21439853

    Citation

    TY - JOUR T1 - Vitamin status and needs for people with stages 3-5 chronic kidney disease. AU - Steiber,Alison L, AU - Kopple,Joel D, Y1 - 2011/03/25/ PY - 2010/9/15/received PY - 2010/12/10/revised PY - 2010/12/11/accepted PY - 2011/3/25/aheadofprint PY - 2011/3/29/entrez PY - 2011/3/29/pubmed PY - 2012/1/6/medline SP - 355 EP - 68 JF - Journal of renal nutrition : the official journal of the Council on Renal Nutrition of the National Kidney Foundation JO - J Ren Nutr VL - 21 IS - 5 N2 - Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) often experience a decline in their nutrient intake starting at early stages of CKD. This reduction in intake can affect both energy-producing nutrients, such as carbohydrates, proteins, and fats, as well as vitamins, minerals, and trace elements. Knowledge of the burden and bioactivity of vitamins and their effect on the health of the patients with CKD is very incomplete. However, without sufficient data, the use of nutritional supplements to prevent inadequate intake may result in either excessive or insufficient intake of micronutrients for people with CKD. The purpose of this article is to briefly summarize the current knowledge regarding vitamin requirements for people with stages 3, 4, or 5 CKD who are not receiving dialysis. SN - 1532-8503 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21439853/full_citation L2 - http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1051-2276(11)00006-9 ER -