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Sexual abuse allegations by children with neuropsychiatric disorders.
J Child Sex Abus. 2011 Mar; 20(2):182-95.JC

Abstract

All Swedish court cases from 2004 and 2006 concerning alleged child sexual abuse (sexual harassment excluded) were identified through criminal registers. Fourteen cases (one boy) concerned a child with a neuropsychiatric disorder. The diagnostic groups were mental retardation (10 cases), autism (three cases), and ADHD (one case). Psychiatric experts were engaged in only two cases. When experts were involved, the courts focused on credibility issues. When the courts applied neuropsychiatric arguments in the absence of an expert, they used developmental arguments. When the authors found that significant neuropsychiatric issues were not discussed by the court it concerned interpretations of symptoms and developmental standpoints. The results illustrate the complexity and pitfalls of drawing conclusions about associations between symptoms and personality characteristics on one side and accuracy of sexual abuse allegations on the other. Moreover, the results highlight the importance of a high quality system for providing courts with adequate neuropsychiatric knowledge.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Uppsala University, Sweden. frank.lindblad@neuro.uu.seNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21442532

Citation

Lindblad, Frank, and Katrin Lainpelto. "Sexual Abuse Allegations By Children With Neuropsychiatric Disorders." Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, vol. 20, no. 2, 2011, pp. 182-95.
Lindblad F, Lainpelto K. Sexual abuse allegations by children with neuropsychiatric disorders. J Child Sex Abus. 2011;20(2):182-95.
Lindblad, F., & Lainpelto, K. (2011). Sexual abuse allegations by children with neuropsychiatric disorders. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 20(2), 182-95. https://doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2011.554339
Lindblad F, Lainpelto K. Sexual Abuse Allegations By Children With Neuropsychiatric Disorders. J Child Sex Abus. 2011;20(2):182-95. PubMed PMID: 21442532.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Sexual abuse allegations by children with neuropsychiatric disorders. AU - Lindblad,Frank, AU - Lainpelto,Katrin, PY - 2011/3/29/entrez PY - 2011/3/29/pubmed PY - 2011/7/16/medline SP - 182 EP - 95 JF - Journal of child sexual abuse JO - J Child Sex Abus VL - 20 IS - 2 N2 - All Swedish court cases from 2004 and 2006 concerning alleged child sexual abuse (sexual harassment excluded) were identified through criminal registers. Fourteen cases (one boy) concerned a child with a neuropsychiatric disorder. The diagnostic groups were mental retardation (10 cases), autism (three cases), and ADHD (one case). Psychiatric experts were engaged in only two cases. When experts were involved, the courts focused on credibility issues. When the courts applied neuropsychiatric arguments in the absence of an expert, they used developmental arguments. When the authors found that significant neuropsychiatric issues were not discussed by the court it concerned interpretations of symptoms and developmental standpoints. The results illustrate the complexity and pitfalls of drawing conclusions about associations between symptoms and personality characteristics on one side and accuracy of sexual abuse allegations on the other. Moreover, the results highlight the importance of a high quality system for providing courts with adequate neuropsychiatric knowledge. SN - 1547-0679 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21442532/Sexual_abuse_allegations_by_children_with_neuropsychiatric_disorders_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10538712.2011.554339 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -