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Do anthropometric indices accurately reflect directly measured body composition in men and women with chronic heart failure?
Congest Heart Fail. 2011 Mar-Apr; 17(2):90-2.CH

Abstract

How well anthropometric indices such as body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, waist-stature ratio, and waist index correlate with direct measures of body composition (lean body mass, body fat) in men and women with chronic heart failure (CHF) has not been reported. Body composition was assessed by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry in 140 patients with CHF. Age-adjusted Pearson correlations between each index and measures of body composition for men and women were calculated. Diagnostic accuracy of detecting obesity or high central fat was also examined. In men, all of the anthropometric indices except waist index were just as strongly correlated with lean body mass (correlation coefficients varied between 0.56 for waist-stature ratio to 0.74 for BMI) as with percentage of body fat (correlation coefficients varied between 0.72 for BMI to 0.79 for waist circumference). In women, all 4 anthropometric measures were unable to significantly differentiate between body fat and lean body mass. The positive likelihood ratios for the detection of obesity varied between 2.26 for waist circumference and 3.42 for BMI, waist-stature ratio, and waist index. Anthropometric indices do not accurately reflect body composition in patients with CHF, especially in women. When accurate assessment of body composition is required, direct measurements should be obtained.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Public Health, University of Alberta, 8440 112th Street, Edmonton, AB, Canada.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21449998

Citation

Oreopoulos, Antigone, et al. "Do Anthropometric Indices Accurately Reflect Directly Measured Body Composition in Men and Women With Chronic Heart Failure?" Congestive Heart Failure (Greenwich, Conn.), vol. 17, no. 2, 2011, pp. 90-2.
Oreopoulos A, Fonarow GC, Ezekowitz JA, et al. Do anthropometric indices accurately reflect directly measured body composition in men and women with chronic heart failure? Congest Heart Fail. 2011;17(2):90-2.
Oreopoulos, A., Fonarow, G. C., Ezekowitz, J. A., McAlister, F. A., Sharma, A. M., Kalantar-Zadeh, K., Norris, C. M., Johnson, J. A., & Padwal, R. S. (2011). Do anthropometric indices accurately reflect directly measured body composition in men and women with chronic heart failure? Congestive Heart Failure (Greenwich, Conn.), 17(2), 90-2. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7133.2010.00204.x
Oreopoulos A, et al. Do Anthropometric Indices Accurately Reflect Directly Measured Body Composition in Men and Women With Chronic Heart Failure. Congest Heart Fail. 2011 Mar-Apr;17(2):90-2. PubMed PMID: 21449998.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Do anthropometric indices accurately reflect directly measured body composition in men and women with chronic heart failure? AU - Oreopoulos,Antigone, AU - Fonarow,Gregg C, AU - Ezekowitz,Justin A, AU - McAlister,Finlay A, AU - Sharma,Arya M, AU - Kalantar-Zadeh,Kamyar, AU - Norris,Colleen M, AU - Johnson,Jeffery A, AU - Padwal,Raj S, Y1 - 2011/01/27/ PY - 2011/4/1/entrez PY - 2011/4/1/pubmed PY - 2011/7/20/medline SP - 90 EP - 2 JF - Congestive heart failure (Greenwich, Conn.) JO - Congest Heart Fail VL - 17 IS - 2 N2 - How well anthropometric indices such as body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, waist-stature ratio, and waist index correlate with direct measures of body composition (lean body mass, body fat) in men and women with chronic heart failure (CHF) has not been reported. Body composition was assessed by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry in 140 patients with CHF. Age-adjusted Pearson correlations between each index and measures of body composition for men and women were calculated. Diagnostic accuracy of detecting obesity or high central fat was also examined. In men, all of the anthropometric indices except waist index were just as strongly correlated with lean body mass (correlation coefficients varied between 0.56 for waist-stature ratio to 0.74 for BMI) as with percentage of body fat (correlation coefficients varied between 0.72 for BMI to 0.79 for waist circumference). In women, all 4 anthropometric measures were unable to significantly differentiate between body fat and lean body mass. The positive likelihood ratios for the detection of obesity varied between 2.26 for waist circumference and 3.42 for BMI, waist-stature ratio, and waist index. Anthropometric indices do not accurately reflect body composition in patients with CHF, especially in women. When accurate assessment of body composition is required, direct measurements should be obtained. SN - 1751-7133 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21449998/Do_anthropometric_indices_accurately_reflect_directly_measured_body_composition_in_men_and_women_with_chronic_heart_failure L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7133.2010.00204.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -