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[Forensic-psychiatric opinion at the beginning of the 19th century. Theory and practice in Johann Christian August Heinroth (1773-1843)].
Psychiatr Prax. 2011 Apr; 38(3):142-6.PP

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

In recent years, Leipzig psychiatrist Johann Christian August Heinroth has attracted more and more attention, yet his forensic-psychiatric works have largely been neglected.

METHODS

Therefore this study takes a close look at his System der Psychisch-Gerichtlichen Medizin (1825) and his Gerichtsärztliche- und Privatgutachten (1847) to examine his theoretical and practical approach to examining offenders.

RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS

Heinroth wanted to give forensic-psychiatric opinion on the responsibility of specialist physicians and to implement training for them. He also set up firm criteria for reports, both as regarded content and form. In such reports, he made a full review of the culprit's medical history, present physical and mental state and capabilities, as well as of any influences that might have had an impact on the deed. He also ruled that a specialist's report was to help the judge, but not to replace the judge's work. Heinroth's own works reveal his ideas, as well as his rejection of the exploitation of (assumed) mental disorders to gain exculpation for offenders.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Klinik für Forensische Psychiatrie, Sächsisches Krankenhaus Arnsdorf, Germany.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Biography
English Abstract
Historical Article
Journal Article

Language

ger

PubMed ID

21462096

Citation

Richter, Elisabeth, and Holger Steinberg. "[Forensic-psychiatric Opinion at the Beginning of the 19th Century. Theory and Practice in Johann Christian August Heinroth (1773-1843)]." Psychiatrische Praxis, vol. 38, no. 3, 2011, pp. 142-6.
Richter E, Steinberg H. [Forensic-psychiatric opinion at the beginning of the 19th century. Theory and practice in Johann Christian August Heinroth (1773-1843)]. Psychiatr Prax. 2011;38(3):142-6.
Richter, E., & Steinberg, H. (2011). [Forensic-psychiatric opinion at the beginning of the 19th century. Theory and practice in Johann Christian August Heinroth (1773-1843)]. Psychiatrische Praxis, 38(3), 142-6. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0030-1265950
Richter E, Steinberg H. [Forensic-psychiatric Opinion at the Beginning of the 19th Century. Theory and Practice in Johann Christian August Heinroth (1773-1843)]. Psychiatr Prax. 2011;38(3):142-6. PubMed PMID: 21462096.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Forensic-psychiatric opinion at the beginning of the 19th century. Theory and practice in Johann Christian August Heinroth (1773-1843)]. AU - Richter,Elisabeth, AU - Steinberg,Holger, Y1 - 2011/04/01/ PY - 2011/4/5/entrez PY - 2011/4/5/pubmed PY - 2011/8/16/medline SP - 142 EP - 6 JF - Psychiatrische Praxis JO - Psychiatr Prax VL - 38 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: In recent years, Leipzig psychiatrist Johann Christian August Heinroth has attracted more and more attention, yet his forensic-psychiatric works have largely been neglected. METHODS: Therefore this study takes a close look at his System der Psychisch-Gerichtlichen Medizin (1825) and his Gerichtsärztliche- und Privatgutachten (1847) to examine his theoretical and practical approach to examining offenders. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Heinroth wanted to give forensic-psychiatric opinion on the responsibility of specialist physicians and to implement training for them. He also set up firm criteria for reports, both as regarded content and form. In such reports, he made a full review of the culprit's medical history, present physical and mental state and capabilities, as well as of any influences that might have had an impact on the deed. He also ruled that a specialist's report was to help the judge, but not to replace the judge's work. Heinroth's own works reveal his ideas, as well as his rejection of the exploitation of (assumed) mental disorders to gain exculpation for offenders. SN - 1439-0876 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21462096/[Forensic_psychiatric_opinion_at_the_beginning_of_the_19th_century__Theory_and_practice_in_Johann_Christian_August_Heinroth__1773_1843_]_ L2 - http://www.thieme-connect.com/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0030-1265950 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -