Ultra high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry for the simultaneous analysis of asparagine, sugars, and acrylamide in Maillard reactions.Anal Chem. 2011 May 01; 83(9):3297-304.AC
We developed an automated microwave digestion labstation (MDL) combined with ultra high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) method under the control of positive-negative ion switching as a robust kinetic study tool for rapid and simultaneous quantification of asparagine, glucose, fructose, and acrylamide in Maillard reaction products. Maillard reactions were conducted in a potato model via MDL. The two-step simple pretreatment procedures included the addition of isotope internal standards (15)N(2)-asparagine, (13)C(6)-glucose, and D(3)-acrylamide, followed by appropriate dilution with the mobile phase and filtration. Analytes were separated on a Hypercarb column and monitored by MS/MS. Study of matrix effects indicated Maillard reaction products induce an ionization suppression of both positive and negative precursor ions, but quantitative results are corrected through the use of isotopically labeled internal standards. Using this method, the limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) ranges of all analytes were calculated as 0.04-0.6 and 0.1-1.1 μM, respectively. Excellent repeatability (RSD < 9.6%) and acceptable within-laboratory reproducibility (RSD < 9.2%) substantially supported the use of this method for sample analysis. The present kinetic tools, with 10-50 min mimic of Maillard reactions and short instrumental run time (5.5 min per sample), were successfully validated and applied to simultaneous determination of acrylamide and its precursors and intermediates during Maillard reactions and kinetic elucidation. Furthermore, current tools of MDL combined with simple sample treatment procedures and UHPLC-MS/MS analysis reduce sample analysis time and labor in the kinetic study.