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Transitioning to OROS(®) methylphenidate from atomoxetine is effective in children and adolescents with ADHD.
Expert Rev Neurother. 2011 Apr; 11(4):499-508.ER

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To explore the clinical outcomes of children/adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) who required a therapy switch from atomoxetine to OROS(®) methylphenidate (MPH).

METHODS

This prospective, noninterventional study involved patients aged 6-18 years with a confirmed diagnosis of ADHD who experienced insufficient clinical response and/or poor tolerability during atomoxetine treatment. Patients were transitioned to OROS MPH and followed for 12 weeks. ADHD symptoms, functional outcomes, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and tolerability were assessed throughout the study.

RESULTS

42 patients (intention-to-treat) transitioned from atomoxetine 43.2 plus 14.7 mg onto OROS MPH 33.0 plus 17.7 mg (mean daily starting dose), increasing to 38.6 plus 17.6 mg at the final visit. Median treatment duration was 85 days (range: 3-155). Compared with baseline, symptoms, functional outcome and HRQoL improved after transitioning to OROS MPH as assessed by the Conners' Parent Rating Scale (mean change from baseline: -10.1 ± 11.6; p < 0.0001), Children's Global Assessment Scale (8.7 ± 16.2; p = 0.0015) and ILC-LQ0-28 scores (parents' rating from 14.9 ± 3.6 [baseline] to 17.5 ± 4.8 [study end]; p = 0.0002; patients' rating from 16.9 ± 3.9 [baseline] to 19.3 ± 4.4 [study end]; p = 0.0003). Social interactions and late afternoon tasks (playing with other children, household chores, school homework and behavior towards visitors/at visits) improved (p < 0.001). Approximately 62% expressed satisfaction ('very good' or `good') with OROS MPH therapy compared with prior atomoxetine with respect to symptom control in the late afternoon. The most common treatment-emergent adverse events after switching were involuntary muscle contractions (tics; 16.7%), insomnia (14.3%), abdominal pain (9.5%) and headache (9.5%). No clinically relevant changes in body weight or vital signs were observed.

CONCLUSION

In this naturalistic setting, transitioning from atomoxetine to OROS MPH was associated with improved ADHD symptoms and impacted positively on patients' and parents' HRQoL and disease burden in ADHD children who demonstrated an insufficient response and/or poor tolerability to atomoxetine.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Janssen-Cilag GmbH, Raiffeisenstrasse 8, D-41470 Neuss, Germany.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21469923

Citation

Niederkirchner, Käthe, et al. "Transitioning to OROS(®) Methylphenidate From Atomoxetine Is Effective in Children and Adolescents With ADHD." Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics, vol. 11, no. 4, 2011, pp. 499-508.
Niederkirchner K, Slawik L, Wermelskirchen D, et al. Transitioning to OROS(®) methylphenidate from atomoxetine is effective in children and adolescents with ADHD. Expert Rev Neurother. 2011;11(4):499-508.
Niederkirchner, K., Slawik, L., Wermelskirchen, D., Rettig, K., & Schäuble, B. (2011). Transitioning to OROS(®) methylphenidate from atomoxetine is effective in children and adolescents with ADHD. Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics, 11(4), 499-508. https://doi.org/10.1586/ern.11.18
Niederkirchner K, et al. Transitioning to OROS(®) Methylphenidate From Atomoxetine Is Effective in Children and Adolescents With ADHD. Expert Rev Neurother. 2011;11(4):499-508. PubMed PMID: 21469923.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Transitioning to OROS(®) methylphenidate from atomoxetine is effective in children and adolescents with ADHD. AU - Niederkirchner,Käthe, AU - Slawik,Lara, AU - Wermelskirchen,Detlef, AU - Rettig,Klaus, AU - Schäuble,Barbara, PY - 2011/4/8/entrez PY - 2011/4/8/pubmed PY - 2011/12/14/medline SP - 499 EP - 508 JF - Expert review of neurotherapeutics JO - Expert Rev Neurother VL - 11 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical outcomes of children/adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) who required a therapy switch from atomoxetine to OROS(®) methylphenidate (MPH). METHODS: This prospective, noninterventional study involved patients aged 6-18 years with a confirmed diagnosis of ADHD who experienced insufficient clinical response and/or poor tolerability during atomoxetine treatment. Patients were transitioned to OROS MPH and followed for 12 weeks. ADHD symptoms, functional outcomes, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and tolerability were assessed throughout the study. RESULTS: 42 patients (intention-to-treat) transitioned from atomoxetine 43.2 plus 14.7 mg onto OROS MPH 33.0 plus 17.7 mg (mean daily starting dose), increasing to 38.6 plus 17.6 mg at the final visit. Median treatment duration was 85 days (range: 3-155). Compared with baseline, symptoms, functional outcome and HRQoL improved after transitioning to OROS MPH as assessed by the Conners' Parent Rating Scale (mean change from baseline: -10.1 ± 11.6; p < 0.0001), Children's Global Assessment Scale (8.7 ± 16.2; p = 0.0015) and ILC-LQ0-28 scores (parents' rating from 14.9 ± 3.6 [baseline] to 17.5 ± 4.8 [study end]; p = 0.0002; patients' rating from 16.9 ± 3.9 [baseline] to 19.3 ± 4.4 [study end]; p = 0.0003). Social interactions and late afternoon tasks (playing with other children, household chores, school homework and behavior towards visitors/at visits) improved (p < 0.001). Approximately 62% expressed satisfaction ('very good' or `good') with OROS MPH therapy compared with prior atomoxetine with respect to symptom control in the late afternoon. The most common treatment-emergent adverse events after switching were involuntary muscle contractions (tics; 16.7%), insomnia (14.3%), abdominal pain (9.5%) and headache (9.5%). No clinically relevant changes in body weight or vital signs were observed. CONCLUSION: In this naturalistic setting, transitioning from atomoxetine to OROS MPH was associated with improved ADHD symptoms and impacted positively on patients' and parents' HRQoL and disease burden in ADHD children who demonstrated an insufficient response and/or poor tolerability to atomoxetine. SN - 1744-8360 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21469923/Transitioning_to_OROS_®__methylphenidate_from_atomoxetine_is_effective_in_children_and_adolescents_with_ADHD_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1586/ern.11.18 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -