Type 1 diabetes control and pregnancy outcomes in women treated with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) or with insulin glargine and multiple daily injections of rapid-acting insulin analogues (glargine-MDI).Diabetes Metab. 2011 Nov; 37(5):426-31.DM
The best way to treat pregnant patients who have type 1 diabetes is still unclear. For this reason, the present study compared metabolic control and maternal-fetal outcomes in patients treated with continuous subcutaneous infusions of rapid-acting insulin analogues (CSII) or with insulin glargine and multiple daily injections of rapid-acting insulin analogues (glargine-MDI).
This retrospective multicentre study involved 144 women with type 1 diabetes, 100 of whom were using CSII and 44 glargine-MDI. Outcomes analyzed were metabolic control, diabetes complications, pregnancy outcome, perinatal morbidity and mortality, and fetal malformations.
The two groups were comparable for age, prepregnancy BMI, primiparous rate and diabetes complications, although patients using CSII had longer duration of diabetes (P=0.03) and higher White classifications (P=0.04). In both groups, metabolic control improved during pregnancy, but good control was reached earlier among patients using CSII. At parturition, patients using CSII had lower HbA(1c) (6.2±0.7% vs 6.5±0.8%; P=0.02) and required less insulin (P<0.01). Weight gain was similar in both groups, and maternal-fetal outcomes did not differ.
In pregnant patients with type 1 diabetes, MDI and CSII are equivalent in terms of metabolic control and fetal-maternal outcomes, although patients using CSII achieved good control earlier and with less insulin.