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Relation between brain interstitial and systemic glucose concentrations after subarachnoid hemorrhage.
J Neurosurg. 2011 Jul; 115(1):66-74.JN

Abstract

OBJECT

The aim in the present investigation was to study the relation between brain interstitial and systemic blood glucose concentrations during the acute phase after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The authors also evaluated the effects of insulin administration on local brain energy metabolism.

METHODS

Nineteen patients with spontaneous SAH were prospectively monitored with intracerebral microdialysis (MD). The relation between plasma glucose and MD-measured interstitial brain glucose concentrations as well as the temporal pattern of MD glucose, lactate, pyruvate, glutamate, and glycerol was studied for 7 days after SAH. Using a target plasma glucose concentration of 5-10 mmol/L, the effect of insulin injection was also evaluated.

RESULTS

The mean (± SD) correlation coefficient between plasma glucose and MD glucose was 0.27 ± 0.27 (p = 0.0005), with a high degree of individual variation. Microdialysis glucose, the MD/plasma glucose ratio, and MD glutamate concentrations decreased in parallel with a gradual increase in MD pyruvate and MD lactate concentrations. There were no significant changes in the MD L/P ratio or MD glycerol levels. Insulin administration induced a decrease in MD glucose and MD pyruvate.

CONCLUSIONS

After SAH, there was a positive correlation between plasma and MD glucose concentrations with a high degree of individual variation. A gradual decline in MD glucose and the MD/plasma glucose ratio and an increase in MD pyruvate and MD lactate concentrations during the 1st week after SAH suggest a transition to a hyperglycolytic state with increased cerebral glucose consumption. The administration of insulin was related to a lowering of MD glucose and MD pyruvate, often to low levels even though plasma glucose values remained above 6 mmol/L. After SAH, the administration of insulin could impede the glucose supply of the brain.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Neuroscience, Section of Neurosurgery, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. maria.zetterling@telia.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21476811

Citation

Zetterling, Maria, et al. "Relation Between Brain Interstitial and Systemic Glucose Concentrations After Subarachnoid Hemorrhage." Journal of Neurosurgery, vol. 115, no. 1, 2011, pp. 66-74.
Zetterling M, Hillered L, Enblad P, et al. Relation between brain interstitial and systemic glucose concentrations after subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Neurosurg. 2011;115(1):66-74.
Zetterling, M., Hillered, L., Enblad, P., Karlsson, T., & Ronne-Engström, E. (2011). Relation between brain interstitial and systemic glucose concentrations after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Journal of Neurosurgery, 115(1), 66-74. https://doi.org/10.3171/2011.3.JNS10899
Zetterling M, et al. Relation Between Brain Interstitial and Systemic Glucose Concentrations After Subarachnoid Hemorrhage. J Neurosurg. 2011;115(1):66-74. PubMed PMID: 21476811.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Relation between brain interstitial and systemic glucose concentrations after subarachnoid hemorrhage. AU - Zetterling,Maria, AU - Hillered,Lars, AU - Enblad,Per, AU - Karlsson,Torbjörn, AU - Ronne-Engström,Elisabeth, Y1 - 2011/04/08/ PY - 2011/4/12/entrez PY - 2011/4/12/pubmed PY - 2011/9/29/medline SP - 66 EP - 74 JF - Journal of neurosurgery JO - J Neurosurg VL - 115 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECT: The aim in the present investigation was to study the relation between brain interstitial and systemic blood glucose concentrations during the acute phase after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The authors also evaluated the effects of insulin administration on local brain energy metabolism. METHODS: Nineteen patients with spontaneous SAH were prospectively monitored with intracerebral microdialysis (MD). The relation between plasma glucose and MD-measured interstitial brain glucose concentrations as well as the temporal pattern of MD glucose, lactate, pyruvate, glutamate, and glycerol was studied for 7 days after SAH. Using a target plasma glucose concentration of 5-10 mmol/L, the effect of insulin injection was also evaluated. RESULTS: The mean (± SD) correlation coefficient between plasma glucose and MD glucose was 0.27 ± 0.27 (p = 0.0005), with a high degree of individual variation. Microdialysis glucose, the MD/plasma glucose ratio, and MD glutamate concentrations decreased in parallel with a gradual increase in MD pyruvate and MD lactate concentrations. There were no significant changes in the MD L/P ratio or MD glycerol levels. Insulin administration induced a decrease in MD glucose and MD pyruvate. CONCLUSIONS: After SAH, there was a positive correlation between plasma and MD glucose concentrations with a high degree of individual variation. A gradual decline in MD glucose and the MD/plasma glucose ratio and an increase in MD pyruvate and MD lactate concentrations during the 1st week after SAH suggest a transition to a hyperglycolytic state with increased cerebral glucose consumption. The administration of insulin was related to a lowering of MD glucose and MD pyruvate, often to low levels even though plasma glucose values remained above 6 mmol/L. After SAH, the administration of insulin could impede the glucose supply of the brain. SN - 1933-0693 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21476811/Relation_between_brain_interstitial_and_systemic_glucose_concentrations_after_subarachnoid_hemorrhage_ L2 - https://thejns.org/doi/10.3171/2011.3.JNS10899 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -