In vitro antioxidant and radical scavenging of Guinean kinkeliba leaf (Combretum micranthum G. Don) extracts.Nat Prod Res. 2011 Jul; 25(11):1025-36.NP
The antioxidant properties of the water and ethanol leaf extracts of kinkeliba (Combretum micranthum) were investigated, including scavenging of the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical (IC₅₀ values: 8.02 ± 0.34 for the ethanol extract [KE] and 9.1 ± 0.28 for the water extract [KW]), the 2,2'-azinobis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) radical (IC(50) values: 7.4 ± 0.14 for KE and 11.8 ± 0.01 for KW) and the hydroxyl radical (58.1% for KE and 61.1% for KW). The ferric thiocyanate method, reducing power, metal chelating activity, an assay of protein oxidation and the β-carotene-linoleic bleaching assay were also used. Butylated hydroxytoluene and ascorbic acid were used as the reference antioxidant compounds. At 20 mg mL⁻¹ concentration, KW and KE provided 36.8% and 75.1% inhibition of lipid peroxidation of linoleic acid emulsion, respectively. The IC₅₀ values of the ethanol extract in ABTS and DPPH tests were significantly lower than those from the water extract. Furthermore, crude polyphenols were extracted from kinkeliba leaf with 90% ethanol solution using a water bath treatment and then purified by a macroporous resin, AB-8. The polyphenols from kinkeliba leaf were subjected to analyses by RP-HPLC and ESI-MS. The dominant polyphenols in kinkeliba leaf were identified as gallic acid, rutin trihydrate, (+)-catechin and benzoic acid.