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Weight indicators and nutrient intake in children and adolescents do not vary by sugar content in ready-to-eat cereal: results from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2006.
Nutr Res. 2011 Mar; 31(3):229-36.NR

Abstract

Few studies have explored the relationship between sugar content in cereal and health outcome among children and adolescents. This study was designed to investigate the associations between ready-to-eat cereals, categorized by sugar content, with weight indicators and nutrient intake profiles. Data collected from 6- to 18-year-old US children and adolescents (N = 9660) in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-06 were used to analyze cereal consumption. Body mass index (BMI), BMI-for-age, waist-to-height ratio, percent overweight or obese, mean day-1 intake, and usual daily intake of macronutrients and micronutrients were the dependent variables; day-1 cereal intake, categorized by tertiles of sugar content, was the main independent variable. Weighted regression with adjustment for the survey design was used to model the dependent variables as a function of day-1 cereal intake, adjusting for age group, sex, race/ethnicity, total day-1 intake of energy, calcium and sugar, the Healthy Eating Index-2005 total score, and household income. For all tertiles of sugar classifications of cereal, children who consumed cereal had significantly lower BMI compared with children who consumed no cereal (P's < .05). Similarly, when compared with children who consumed no cereal, those who ate cereal consumed significantly less fat and cholesterol and significantly more carbohydrates, sugar, whole grains, vitamin A, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B(6), folic acid, vitamin B(12), vitamin C, calcium, magnesium, iron, and zinc. Lower weight and positive nutrient profiles were associated with cereal consumption regardless of sugar content.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Bell Institute of Health and Nutrition, General Mills, Inc., James Ford Bell Technical Center, Minneapolis, MN 55427, USA. ann.albertson@genmills.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21481717

Citation

Albertson, Ann M., et al. "Weight Indicators and Nutrient Intake in Children and Adolescents Do Not Vary By Sugar Content in Ready-to-eat Cereal: Results From National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2006." Nutrition Research (New York, N.Y.), vol. 31, no. 3, 2011, pp. 229-36.
Albertson AM, Thompson DR, Franko DL, et al. Weight indicators and nutrient intake in children and adolescents do not vary by sugar content in ready-to-eat cereal: results from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2006. Nutr Res. 2011;31(3):229-36.
Albertson, A. M., Thompson, D. R., Franko, D. L., & Holschuh, N. M. (2011). Weight indicators and nutrient intake in children and adolescents do not vary by sugar content in ready-to-eat cereal: results from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2006. Nutrition Research (New York, N.Y.), 31(3), 229-36. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nutres.2011.03.004
Albertson AM, et al. Weight Indicators and Nutrient Intake in Children and Adolescents Do Not Vary By Sugar Content in Ready-to-eat Cereal: Results From National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2006. Nutr Res. 2011;31(3):229-36. PubMed PMID: 21481717.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Weight indicators and nutrient intake in children and adolescents do not vary by sugar content in ready-to-eat cereal: results from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2006. AU - Albertson,Ann M, AU - Thompson,Douglas R, AU - Franko,Debra L, AU - Holschuh,Norton M, PY - 2010/09/29/received PY - 2011/03/01/revised PY - 2011/03/03/accepted PY - 2011/4/13/entrez PY - 2011/4/13/pubmed PY - 2011/7/20/medline SP - 229 EP - 36 JF - Nutrition research (New York, N.Y.) JO - Nutr Res VL - 31 IS - 3 N2 - Few studies have explored the relationship between sugar content in cereal and health outcome among children and adolescents. This study was designed to investigate the associations between ready-to-eat cereals, categorized by sugar content, with weight indicators and nutrient intake profiles. Data collected from 6- to 18-year-old US children and adolescents (N = 9660) in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-06 were used to analyze cereal consumption. Body mass index (BMI), BMI-for-age, waist-to-height ratio, percent overweight or obese, mean day-1 intake, and usual daily intake of macronutrients and micronutrients were the dependent variables; day-1 cereal intake, categorized by tertiles of sugar content, was the main independent variable. Weighted regression with adjustment for the survey design was used to model the dependent variables as a function of day-1 cereal intake, adjusting for age group, sex, race/ethnicity, total day-1 intake of energy, calcium and sugar, the Healthy Eating Index-2005 total score, and household income. For all tertiles of sugar classifications of cereal, children who consumed cereal had significantly lower BMI compared with children who consumed no cereal (P's < .05). Similarly, when compared with children who consumed no cereal, those who ate cereal consumed significantly less fat and cholesterol and significantly more carbohydrates, sugar, whole grains, vitamin A, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B(6), folic acid, vitamin B(12), vitamin C, calcium, magnesium, iron, and zinc. Lower weight and positive nutrient profiles were associated with cereal consumption regardless of sugar content. SN - 1879-0739 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21481717/Weight_indicators_and_nutrient_intake_in_children_and_adolescents_do_not_vary_by_sugar_content_in_ready_to_eat_cereal:_results_from_National_Health_and_Nutrition_Examination_Survey_2001_2006_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0271-5317(11)00042-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -