Host associated polymorphisms in the Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis rpoB gene sequence.Vet Microbiol. 2011 Aug 05; 151(3-4):400-3.VM
Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is a widespread facultative intracellular pathogen that causes caseous lymphadenitis disease in sheep and goats, and generates cutaneous abscesses and granulomas in horses and cattle. Although some genes have been studied for diagnostic and phylogenetic analysis within the genus Corynebacterium, at subspecies level the pathogen has been poorly analyzed. The aim of this study was to characterize C. pseudotuberculosis strains isolated from domestic animals, through the sequencing of a hypervariable rpoB gene segment. As result, there were identified host associated rpoB polymorphisms in strains infecting sheep, goats and horses from Chile. These differences suggest the existence of bacterial genotypes, in which the nucleotide similarity values were ranging from 98.8 to 99.8%. In conclusion, the analysis of polymorphisms in the partial rpoB sequence can be used as a diagnostic tool that differentiates C. pseudotuberculosis strains at subspecies level.