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Mathematically gifted adolescents have deficiencies in social valuation and mentalization.
PLoS One. 2011 Apr 04; 6(4):e18224.Plos

Abstract

Many mathematically gifted adolescents are characterized as being indolent, underachieving and unsuccessful despite their high cognitive ability. This is often due to difficulties with social and emotional development. However, research on social and emotional interactions in gifted adolescents has been limited. The purpose of this study was to observe differences in complex social strategic behaviors between gifted and average adolescents of the same age using the repeated Ultimatum Game. Twenty-two gifted adolescents and 24 average adolescents participated in the Ultimatum Game. Two adolescents participate in the game, one as a proposer and the other as a responder. Because of its simplicity, the Ultimatum Game is an apt tool for investigating complex human emotional and cognitive decision-making in an empirical setting. We observed strategic but socially impaired offers from gifted proposers and lower acceptance rates from gifted responders, resulting in lower total earnings in the Ultimatum Game. Thus, our results indicate that mathematically gifted adolescents have deficiencies in social valuation and mentalization.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Biology, Computation and Neural Systems, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, United States of America.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21483742

Citation

Yun, Kyongsik, et al. "Mathematically Gifted Adolescents Have Deficiencies in Social Valuation and Mentalization." PloS One, vol. 6, no. 4, 2011, pp. e18224.
Yun K, Chung D, Jang B, et al. Mathematically gifted adolescents have deficiencies in social valuation and mentalization. PLoS One. 2011;6(4):e18224.
Yun, K., Chung, D., Jang, B., Kim, J. H., & Jeong, J. (2011). Mathematically gifted adolescents have deficiencies in social valuation and mentalization. PloS One, 6(4), e18224. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018224
Yun K, et al. Mathematically Gifted Adolescents Have Deficiencies in Social Valuation and Mentalization. PLoS One. 2011 Apr 4;6(4):e18224. PubMed PMID: 21483742.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Mathematically gifted adolescents have deficiencies in social valuation and mentalization. AU - Yun,Kyongsik, AU - Chung,Dongil, AU - Jang,Bosun, AU - Kim,Jin Ho, AU - Jeong,Jaeseung, Y1 - 2011/04/04/ PY - 2010/11/21/received PY - 2011/02/24/accepted PY - 2011/4/13/entrez PY - 2011/4/13/pubmed PY - 2011/7/21/medline SP - e18224 EP - e18224 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS One VL - 6 IS - 4 N2 - Many mathematically gifted adolescents are characterized as being indolent, underachieving and unsuccessful despite their high cognitive ability. This is often due to difficulties with social and emotional development. However, research on social and emotional interactions in gifted adolescents has been limited. The purpose of this study was to observe differences in complex social strategic behaviors between gifted and average adolescents of the same age using the repeated Ultimatum Game. Twenty-two gifted adolescents and 24 average adolescents participated in the Ultimatum Game. Two adolescents participate in the game, one as a proposer and the other as a responder. Because of its simplicity, the Ultimatum Game is an apt tool for investigating complex human emotional and cognitive decision-making in an empirical setting. We observed strategic but socially impaired offers from gifted proposers and lower acceptance rates from gifted responders, resulting in lower total earnings in the Ultimatum Game. Thus, our results indicate that mathematically gifted adolescents have deficiencies in social valuation and mentalization. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21483742/Mathematically_gifted_adolescents_have_deficiencies_in_social_valuation_and_mentalization_ L2 - https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018224 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -