17β-Estradiol and vitamin E modulates oxidative stress-induced kidney toxicity in diabetic ovariectomized rat.Biol Trace Elem Res. 2011 Dec; 144(1-3):821-31.BT
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) and 17β-estradiol (E(2)) supplementation on malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), vitamin A, beta carotene, selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), zinc-dependent superoxide dismutase (SOD), and copper/zinc-dependent catalase (CAT) values in the kidney of ovariectomized (OVX) diabetic rats. Forty-two female rats were randomly divided into seven equal groups as follows: group I, control; group II, OVX; group III, OVX+E(2); group IV, OVX+E(2)+alpha-tocopherol; group V, OVX+diabetic; group VI, OVX+diabetic+E(2); and group VII, OVX+diabetic+E(2)+alpha-tocopherol. E(2) (40 μg kg(-1)/day) and alpha-tocopherol (100 μg kg(-1)/day) were given. Bilateral ovariectomy was performed in all groups except group I. After 4 weeks, antioxidant and MDA levels in the kidney for all groups were analyzed. GSH-Px, CAT, SOD, GSH levels, vitamin A, and beta carotene levels were decreased in OVX group compared to those in the control group but MDA level was elevated via ovariectomy. However, E(2) and E(2)+alpha-tocopherol supplementations in OVX group was associated with an increase in the GSH-Px, GSH, CAT and Zn-SOD values, vitamin A, and beta carotene levels but a decrease in MDA levels in kidney. The MDA levels in the kidney of diabetic OVX rats were found higher than those in the control and OVX groups. However, GSH, GSH-Px, CAT, SOD, vitamin A, and beta carotene levels in kidney were lower in OVX diabetic rats. On the other hand, E(2) and E(2)+alpha-tocopherol supplementations to OVX diabetic rats have caused an increase in GSH-Px, CAT and SOD, GSH, vitamin A, and beta carotene levels but a decrease in MDA levels. In conclusion, the E(2) and E(2)+alpha-tocopherol supplementations to diabetic OVX and OVX rats may strengthen the antioxidant defense system by reducing lipid peroxidation, and therefore they may play a role in preventing renal disorders.