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Cancer mortality trend analysis in Italy, 1970-2007.
Eur J Cancer Prev. 2011 Sep; 20(5):364-74.EJ

Abstract

To provide an updated review of cancer mortality trends in Italy, cancer mortality and census data, from 1970 to 2007, were extracted from the WHO mortality database and analyzed using age-specific and standardized rates, and joinpoint regression. Total cancer mortality rates in men have been declining by 1.8% yearly since 1994, reaching a rate of 147 per 100 000 residents (world standard) in 2007. In women, total cancer mortality rates have been decreasing by 1.1% yearly since 1991, resulting in a standardized mortality rate of 85 per 100 000 residents in 2007. Avoided deaths, compared with rates of 1988, from lung, intestinal, stomach, and breast cancers amount to 30 646. In men, trends were driven by cancers of the lung and other tobacco-related sites, intestines, and stomach. Favorable trends for cancers of the breast, intestines, stomach, and uterus contributed to falls in mortality rate in women. Downward trends were seen in both sexes for Hodgkin's lymphoma, bone cancer, and leukemias. Lung cancer in women showed an upward trend, with mortality rates increasing by 2.6% yearly since 1997, becoming the second cause of cancer mortality in middle-aged women. Rising trends were seen in women for oral and pancreatic cancers, as well. The favorable trends in cancer mortality are related to reduced tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption in men, advancements in treatment and management for colorectal cancer, breast cancer, leukemias, and a few other rare treatable cancers, and improved diagnosis of colorectal, breast, and cervical cancers. The greater role of tobacco-related deaths in women suggests the need for targeted strategies.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche 'Mario Negri', Milan, Italy.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21499107

Citation

Arfè, Andrea, et al. "Cancer Mortality Trend Analysis in Italy, 1970-2007." European Journal of Cancer Prevention : the Official Journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP), vol. 20, no. 5, 2011, pp. 364-74.
Arfè A, Malvezzi M, Bertuccio P, et al. Cancer mortality trend analysis in Italy, 1970-2007. Eur J Cancer Prev. 2011;20(5):364-74.
Arfè, A., Malvezzi, M., Bertuccio, P., Decarli, A., La Vecchia, C., & Negri, E. (2011). Cancer mortality trend analysis in Italy, 1970-2007. European Journal of Cancer Prevention : the Official Journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP), 20(5), 364-74. https://doi.org/10.1097/CEJ.0b013e328345f99e
Arfè A, et al. Cancer Mortality Trend Analysis in Italy, 1970-2007. Eur J Cancer Prev. 2011;20(5):364-74. PubMed PMID: 21499107.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cancer mortality trend analysis in Italy, 1970-2007. AU - Arfè,Andrea, AU - Malvezzi,Matteo, AU - Bertuccio,Paola, AU - Decarli,Adriano, AU - La Vecchia,Carlo, AU - Negri,Eva, PY - 2011/4/19/entrez PY - 2011/4/19/pubmed PY - 2011/12/13/medline SP - 364 EP - 74 JF - European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP) JO - Eur. J. Cancer Prev. VL - 20 IS - 5 N2 - To provide an updated review of cancer mortality trends in Italy, cancer mortality and census data, from 1970 to 2007, were extracted from the WHO mortality database and analyzed using age-specific and standardized rates, and joinpoint regression. Total cancer mortality rates in men have been declining by 1.8% yearly since 1994, reaching a rate of 147 per 100 000 residents (world standard) in 2007. In women, total cancer mortality rates have been decreasing by 1.1% yearly since 1991, resulting in a standardized mortality rate of 85 per 100 000 residents in 2007. Avoided deaths, compared with rates of 1988, from lung, intestinal, stomach, and breast cancers amount to 30 646. In men, trends were driven by cancers of the lung and other tobacco-related sites, intestines, and stomach. Favorable trends for cancers of the breast, intestines, stomach, and uterus contributed to falls in mortality rate in women. Downward trends were seen in both sexes for Hodgkin's lymphoma, bone cancer, and leukemias. Lung cancer in women showed an upward trend, with mortality rates increasing by 2.6% yearly since 1997, becoming the second cause of cancer mortality in middle-aged women. Rising trends were seen in women for oral and pancreatic cancers, as well. The favorable trends in cancer mortality are related to reduced tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption in men, advancements in treatment and management for colorectal cancer, breast cancer, leukemias, and a few other rare treatable cancers, and improved diagnosis of colorectal, breast, and cervical cancers. The greater role of tobacco-related deaths in women suggests the need for targeted strategies. SN - 1473-5709 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21499107/Cancer_mortality_trend_analysis_in_Italy_1970_2007_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CEJ.0b013e328345f99e DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -