Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Prevalence and determinants of ever smoked cigarettes among school-going adolescents in Lusaka, Zambia.
Afr Health Sci. 2007 Dec; 7(4):246-52.AH

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Cigarette smoking is the single most important preventable cause of non-infectious diseases. There is limited data on adolescent smoking and its determinants in developing countries.

METHODS

Further analysis was done on data collected in the Global Youth Tobacco Survey conducted among school-going adolescents in Lusaka, Zambia in 2002. Weighted logistic regression analyses were performed to determine associations between selected explanatory factors and ever smoked cigarettes.

RESULTS

A total of 2175 students participated in the study out of which 40.1% (95%CI 39.5-40.7%) had ever smoked cigarettes. The prevalence of ever smoked cigarettes was 43.4% (95%CI 42.6-44.2%) among boys, and 35.6% (95%CI 34.8-36.4%) among girls, (p<0.001). Among both boys and girls, history of having ever smoked cigarettes was associated with having a parent or closest friend who smoked. Among girls only, exposure to pro-tobacco advertisement and positive perception towards smoking were associated with ever smoked cigarettes. Adolescent girls who doubted that smoking was harmful to their health were more likely to have ever smoked.

CONCLUSIONS

Public health interventions aimed to prevent teenage adolescent smoking should incorporate a comprehensive understanding of the determinants of smoking.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Community Health, University of Malawi College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21499492

Citation

Muula, Adamson S., and Seter Siziya. "Prevalence and Determinants of Ever Smoked Cigarettes Among School-going Adolescents in Lusaka, Zambia." African Health Sciences, vol. 7, no. 4, 2007, pp. 246-52.
Muula AS, Siziya S. Prevalence and determinants of ever smoked cigarettes among school-going adolescents in Lusaka, Zambia. Afr Health Sci. 2007;7(4):246-52.
Muula, A. S., & Siziya, S. (2007). Prevalence and determinants of ever smoked cigarettes among school-going adolescents in Lusaka, Zambia. African Health Sciences, 7(4), 246-52.
Muula AS, Siziya S. Prevalence and Determinants of Ever Smoked Cigarettes Among School-going Adolescents in Lusaka, Zambia. Afr Health Sci. 2007;7(4):246-52. PubMed PMID: 21499492.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence and determinants of ever smoked cigarettes among school-going adolescents in Lusaka, Zambia. AU - Muula,Adamson S, AU - Siziya,Seter, PY - 2011/4/19/entrez PY - 2007/12/1/pubmed PY - 2011/7/2/medline SP - 246 EP - 52 JF - African health sciences JO - Afr Health Sci VL - 7 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is the single most important preventable cause of non-infectious diseases. There is limited data on adolescent smoking and its determinants in developing countries. METHODS: Further analysis was done on data collected in the Global Youth Tobacco Survey conducted among school-going adolescents in Lusaka, Zambia in 2002. Weighted logistic regression analyses were performed to determine associations between selected explanatory factors and ever smoked cigarettes. RESULTS: A total of 2175 students participated in the study out of which 40.1% (95%CI 39.5-40.7%) had ever smoked cigarettes. The prevalence of ever smoked cigarettes was 43.4% (95%CI 42.6-44.2%) among boys, and 35.6% (95%CI 34.8-36.4%) among girls, (p<0.001). Among both boys and girls, history of having ever smoked cigarettes was associated with having a parent or closest friend who smoked. Among girls only, exposure to pro-tobacco advertisement and positive perception towards smoking were associated with ever smoked cigarettes. Adolescent girls who doubted that smoking was harmful to their health were more likely to have ever smoked. CONCLUSIONS: Public health interventions aimed to prevent teenage adolescent smoking should incorporate a comprehensive understanding of the determinants of smoking. SN - 1729-0503 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21499492/Prevalence_and_determinants_of_ever_smoked_cigarettes_among_school_going_adolescents_in_Lusaka_Zambia_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/21499492/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -