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Influence of age, sex, and race on college students' exercise motivation of physical activity.
J Am Coll Health. 2011; 59(5):399-406.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The authors examined differences in exercise motivation between age, sex, and race for college students.

PARTICIPANTS

Students from 156 sections of physical activity classes at a midsize university were recruited (n = 2,199; 1,081 men, 1,118 women) in 2005-2006 and volunteered to complete the Exercise Motivation Inventory.

METHODS

Quantitative, cross-sectional descriptive research design was employed.

RESULTS

Significant differences were found in 3 of 14 exercise motivational subscales by age (affiliation, health pressures, and ill health avoidance) (p < .05). Males were motivated by intrinsic factors (strength, competition, and challenge) (p < .05) and females by extrinsic factors (ie, weight management and appearance) (p < .05); only 2 subscales proved not to be significant by sex. Race differences provided 8 significant differences by exercise motivations (p < .05).

CONCLUSIONS

Significant differences for exercise motivations in college-aged population by demographics were documented. Understanding these differences is important for college health professionals for programming strategies and promoting physical activity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Health and Kinesiology, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, Georgia, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21500059

Citation

Egli, Trevor, et al. "Influence of Age, Sex, and Race On College Students' Exercise Motivation of Physical Activity." Journal of American College Health : J of ACH, vol. 59, no. 5, 2011, pp. 399-406.
Egli T, Bland HW, Melton BF, et al. Influence of age, sex, and race on college students' exercise motivation of physical activity. J Am Coll Health. 2011;59(5):399-406.
Egli, T., Bland, H. W., Melton, B. F., & Czech, D. R. (2011). Influence of age, sex, and race on college students' exercise motivation of physical activity. Journal of American College Health : J of ACH, 59(5), 399-406. https://doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2010.513074
Egli T, et al. Influence of Age, Sex, and Race On College Students' Exercise Motivation of Physical Activity. J Am Coll Health. 2011;59(5):399-406. PubMed PMID: 21500059.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Influence of age, sex, and race on college students' exercise motivation of physical activity. AU - Egli,Trevor, AU - Bland,Helen W, AU - Melton,Bridget F, AU - Czech,Daniel R, PY - 2011/4/19/entrez PY - 2011/4/19/pubmed PY - 2011/8/24/medline SP - 399 EP - 406 JF - Journal of American college health : J of ACH JO - J Am Coll Health VL - 59 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The authors examined differences in exercise motivation between age, sex, and race for college students. PARTICIPANTS: Students from 156 sections of physical activity classes at a midsize university were recruited (n = 2,199; 1,081 men, 1,118 women) in 2005-2006 and volunteered to complete the Exercise Motivation Inventory. METHODS: Quantitative, cross-sectional descriptive research design was employed. RESULTS: Significant differences were found in 3 of 14 exercise motivational subscales by age (affiliation, health pressures, and ill health avoidance) (p < .05). Males were motivated by intrinsic factors (strength, competition, and challenge) (p < .05) and females by extrinsic factors (ie, weight management and appearance) (p < .05); only 2 subscales proved not to be significant by sex. Race differences provided 8 significant differences by exercise motivations (p < .05). CONCLUSIONS: Significant differences for exercise motivations in college-aged population by demographics were documented. Understanding these differences is important for college health professionals for programming strategies and promoting physical activity. SN - 1940-3208 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21500059/Influence_of_age_sex_and_race_on_college_students'_exercise_motivation_of_physical_activity_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/07448481.2010.513074 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -