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Secondhand smoke exposure among Hispanics/Latinos living in multiunit housing: exploring barriers to new policies.
Am J Health Promot. 2011 May-Jun; 25(5 Suppl):S82-90.AJ

Abstract

PURPOSE

Despite a high prevalence of voluntary home smoking bans and laws protecting Californians from exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) in the workplace, many Hispanic/Latino (H/L) residents of multiunit housing (MUH) are potentially exposed to SHS from neighboring apartments. An advocacy/policy intervention was implemented to reduce tobacco-related health disparities by encouraging H/L living in MUH to implement voluntary policies that reduce exposure to SHS. This article presents findings from qualitative and quantitative data collected during development of the intervention, as well as preliminary results of the intervention.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND SUBJECTS

MUH residents in Southern California participated in focus groups (n = 48), door-to-door surveys (n = 142), and a telephone survey (n = 409).

MEASURES

Exposure to SHS, attitudes toward SHS, and attitudes toward policies restricting SHS in MUH were assessed.

RESULTS

H/L MUH residents reported high levels of exposure to SHS and little ability to protect themselves and their families from SHS. Respondents expressed positive attitudes toward adopting antismoking policies in MUH, but they also feared retaliation by smokers. The cultural values of familismo, respeto, simpatía, and personalismo influenced their motivation to protect their families from SHS as well as their reluctance to ask their neighbors to refrain from smoking. Nonsmokers were more likely to favor complete indoor and outdoor smoking bans in MUH, whereas smokers were more likely to favor separate smoking areas. The Regale Salud advocacy/policy intervention, implemented to reduce SHS exposure, prompted the passage of seven voluntary policies in apartment complexes in Southern California to prevent smoking in MUH.

CONCLUSIONS

H/L in California support voluntary policies, local ordinances, and state laws that prevent exposure to SHS in MUH, especially those that are consistent with H/L cultural values and norms for interpersonal communication.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Research, Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, 1000 South Fremont, Unit 8, Alhambra, CA 91803, USA. baezcond@usc.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21510793

Citation

Baezconde-Garbanati, Lourdes A., et al. "Secondhand Smoke Exposure Among Hispanics/Latinos Living in Multiunit Housing: Exploring Barriers to New Policies." American Journal of Health Promotion : AJHP, vol. 25, no. 5 Suppl, 2011, pp. S82-90.
Baezconde-Garbanati LA, Weich-Reushé K, Espinoza L, et al. Secondhand smoke exposure among Hispanics/Latinos living in multiunit housing: exploring barriers to new policies. Am J Health Promot. 2011;25(5 Suppl):S82-90.
Baezconde-Garbanati, L. A., Weich-Reushé, K., Espinoza, L., Portugal, C., Barahona, R., Garbanati, J., Seedat, F., & Unger, J. B. (2011). Secondhand smoke exposure among Hispanics/Latinos living in multiunit housing: exploring barriers to new policies. American Journal of Health Promotion : AJHP, 25(5 Suppl), S82-90. https://doi.org/10.4278/ajhp.100628-QUAL-219
Baezconde-Garbanati LA, et al. Secondhand Smoke Exposure Among Hispanics/Latinos Living in Multiunit Housing: Exploring Barriers to New Policies. Am J Health Promot. 2011 May-Jun;25(5 Suppl):S82-90. PubMed PMID: 21510793.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Secondhand smoke exposure among Hispanics/Latinos living in multiunit housing: exploring barriers to new policies. AU - Baezconde-Garbanati,Lourdes A, AU - Weich-Reushé,Kimberly, AU - Espinoza,Lilia, AU - Portugal,Cecilia, AU - Barahona,Rosa, AU - Garbanati,James, AU - Seedat,Faatima, AU - Unger,Jennifer B, PY - 2011/4/23/entrez PY - 2011/4/29/pubmed PY - 2011/7/26/medline SP - S82 EP - 90 JF - American journal of health promotion : AJHP JO - Am J Health Promot VL - 25 IS - 5 Suppl N2 - PURPOSE: Despite a high prevalence of voluntary home smoking bans and laws protecting Californians from exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) in the workplace, many Hispanic/Latino (H/L) residents of multiunit housing (MUH) are potentially exposed to SHS from neighboring apartments. An advocacy/policy intervention was implemented to reduce tobacco-related health disparities by encouraging H/L living in MUH to implement voluntary policies that reduce exposure to SHS. This article presents findings from qualitative and quantitative data collected during development of the intervention, as well as preliminary results of the intervention. DESIGN, SETTING, AND SUBJECTS: MUH residents in Southern California participated in focus groups (n = 48), door-to-door surveys (n = 142), and a telephone survey (n = 409). MEASURES: Exposure to SHS, attitudes toward SHS, and attitudes toward policies restricting SHS in MUH were assessed. RESULTS: H/L MUH residents reported high levels of exposure to SHS and little ability to protect themselves and their families from SHS. Respondents expressed positive attitudes toward adopting antismoking policies in MUH, but they also feared retaliation by smokers. The cultural values of familismo, respeto, simpatía, and personalismo influenced their motivation to protect their families from SHS as well as their reluctance to ask their neighbors to refrain from smoking. Nonsmokers were more likely to favor complete indoor and outdoor smoking bans in MUH, whereas smokers were more likely to favor separate smoking areas. The Regale Salud advocacy/policy intervention, implemented to reduce SHS exposure, prompted the passage of seven voluntary policies in apartment complexes in Southern California to prevent smoking in MUH. CONCLUSIONS: H/L in California support voluntary policies, local ordinances, and state laws that prevent exposure to SHS in MUH, especially those that are consistent with H/L cultural values and norms for interpersonal communication. SN - 2168-6602 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21510793/Secondhand_smoke_exposure_among_Hispanics/Latinos_living_in_multiunit_housing:_exploring_barriers_to_new_policies_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.4278/ajhp.100628-QUAL-219?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -