Primary graft dysfunction.Clin Chest Med. 2011 Jun; 32(2):279-93.CC
Primary graft dysfunction (PGD) is the most important cause of early morbidity and mortality following lung transplantation. PGD affects up to 25% of all lung transplant procedures and currently has no proven preventive therapy. Lung transplant recipients who recover from PGD may have impaired long-term function and an increased risk of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome. This article aims to provide a state-of-the-art review of PGD epidemiology, outcomes, and risk factors, and to summarize current efforts at biomarker development and novel strategies for prevention and treatment.