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Mothers' emotional reactions to crying pose risk for subsequent attachment insecurity.
J Fam Psychol. 2011 Oct; 25(5):635-43.JF

Abstract

Links between maternal emotional reactions to crying (anger and anxiety) and infant attachment security were examined in 119 mother-infant dyads. Mothers rated the intensity of their emotional responses to videotapes of crying infants prenatally. Maternal sensitivity was observed during infant exposure to emotion eliciting tasks at six and 16 months postpartum and mothers' self-reported on their responses to their infant's negative emotions at 16 months. Infant attachment security was assessed using the Strange Situation at 16 months postpartum. Results indicated that observed sensitivity was associated with fewer avoidant and resistant behaviors and prenatal maternal anger and anxiety in response to infant crying predicted the developing attachment system independent of observed sensitivity, but in different ways. Maternal anxiety in response to crying was positively associated with resistant behaviors as a direct effect. Maternal anger in response to crying was associated with avoidant behaviors indirectly through mothers' self-reported punitive and minimizing responses to infant distress at 16 months. Theoretical, applied, and methodological implications are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Human Development and Family Studies, University of North Carolina-Greensboro, Greensboro, NC 27402-6170, USA. emleerke@uncg.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21517171

Citation

Leerkes, Esther M., et al. "Mothers' Emotional Reactions to Crying Pose Risk for Subsequent Attachment Insecurity." Journal of Family Psychology : JFP : Journal of the Division of Family Psychology of the American Psychological Association (Division 43), vol. 25, no. 5, 2011, pp. 635-43.
Leerkes EM, Parade SH, Gudmundson JA. Mothers' emotional reactions to crying pose risk for subsequent attachment insecurity. J Fam Psychol. 2011;25(5):635-43.
Leerkes, E. M., Parade, S. H., & Gudmundson, J. A. (2011). Mothers' emotional reactions to crying pose risk for subsequent attachment insecurity. Journal of Family Psychology : JFP : Journal of the Division of Family Psychology of the American Psychological Association (Division 43), 25(5), 635-43. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0023654
Leerkes EM, Parade SH, Gudmundson JA. Mothers' Emotional Reactions to Crying Pose Risk for Subsequent Attachment Insecurity. J Fam Psychol. 2011;25(5):635-43. PubMed PMID: 21517171.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Mothers' emotional reactions to crying pose risk for subsequent attachment insecurity. AU - Leerkes,Esther M, AU - Parade,Stephanie H, AU - Gudmundson,Jessica A, PY - 2011/4/27/entrez PY - 2011/4/27/pubmed PY - 2012/2/18/medline SP - 635 EP - 43 JF - Journal of family psychology : JFP : journal of the Division of Family Psychology of the American Psychological Association (Division 43) JO - J Fam Psychol VL - 25 IS - 5 N2 - Links between maternal emotional reactions to crying (anger and anxiety) and infant attachment security were examined in 119 mother-infant dyads. Mothers rated the intensity of their emotional responses to videotapes of crying infants prenatally. Maternal sensitivity was observed during infant exposure to emotion eliciting tasks at six and 16 months postpartum and mothers' self-reported on their responses to their infant's negative emotions at 16 months. Infant attachment security was assessed using the Strange Situation at 16 months postpartum. Results indicated that observed sensitivity was associated with fewer avoidant and resistant behaviors and prenatal maternal anger and anxiety in response to infant crying predicted the developing attachment system independent of observed sensitivity, but in different ways. Maternal anxiety in response to crying was positively associated with resistant behaviors as a direct effect. Maternal anger in response to crying was associated with avoidant behaviors indirectly through mothers' self-reported punitive and minimizing responses to infant distress at 16 months. Theoretical, applied, and methodological implications are discussed. SN - 1939-1293 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21517171/Mothers'_emotional_reactions_to_crying_pose_risk_for_subsequent_attachment_insecurity_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/fam/25/5/635 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -