Persistent subfoveal fluid and increased preoperative foveal thickness impair visual outcome after macula-off retinal detachment repair.Retina. 2011 Sep; 31(8):1505-12.R
To investigate the influence of subfoveal fluid and foveal thickness on visual outcome in patients who underwent reattachment surgery for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD).
This prospective study included 53 patients who were undergoing successful scleral buckling surgery for primary RRD. A thorough ophthalmologic examination including best-corrected visual acuity, slit-lamp biomicroscopy, binocular indirect ophthalmoscopy, and optical coherence tomography scanning was performed preoperatively and during all subsequent follow-up visits at 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 24 months postoperatively.
Preoperative foveal thickness was significantly higher in the macula-off group (n = 38) compared with the macula-on group (n = 15) (P < 0.0001), whereas postoperative measurements were normal in both the groups. Linear mixed-model analysis revealed that persistent subfoveal fluid (P = 0.0004) was an independent predictor of a worse visual outcome after scleral buckling surgery for primary macula-off RRD, although the effect on visual outcome was small (0.1 logarithm of the minimal angle of resolution units). Moreover, increased preoperative foveal thickness was associated with a worse visual prognosis in macula-off RRD (P = 0.010).
Persistent subfoveal fluid and increased preoperative foveal thickness were associated with a worse visual prognosis in macula-off RRD patients, albeit the effect of persistent subfoveal fluid was small and temporary.