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Influence of previous experience on resistance training on reliability of one-repetition maximum test.
J Strength Cond Res. 2011 May; 25(5):1418-22.JS

Abstract

The 1-repetition maximum test (1RM) has been widely used to assess maximal strength. However, to improve accuracy in assessing maximal strength, several sessions of the 1RM test are recommended. The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of previous resistance training experience on the reliability of 1RM test. Thirty men were assigned to the following 2 groups according to their previous resistance training experience: no previous resistance training experience (NOEXP) and more than 24 months of resistance training experience (EXP). All subjects performed the 1RM tests in bench press and squat in 4 sessions on distinct days. There was a significant session × group effect in bench press (F = 3.09; p < 0.03) and squat (F = 2.76; p < 0.05) showing that only the NOEXP increased maximal strength between the sessions. Significant increases (p < 0.05) in maximal strength occurred in the NOEXP between session 1 and the other sessions in bench press (session 1 vs. 2 = +3.8%; session 1 vs. 3 = +7.4%; session 1 vs. 4 = +10.1%), and squat (session 1 vs. 2 = +7.6%; session 1 vs. 3 = +10.1%; session 1 vs. 4 = +11.2%). Moreover, in bench press, maximal strength in sessions 3 and 4 were significantly higher than in session 2. The results of the present study suggest that the reliability of the 1RM test is influenced by the subject's previous experience in resistance training. Subjects without experience in resistance training require more practice and familiarization and show greater increases in maximal strength between sessions than subjects with previous experience in resistance training.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Physical Education, University of Pernambuco, Pernambuco, Brazil. raphael.dias@upe.brNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21522076

Citation

Ritti-Dias, Raphael Mendes, et al. "Influence of Previous Experience On Resistance Training On Reliability of One-repetition Maximum Test." Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol. 25, no. 5, 2011, pp. 1418-22.
Ritti-Dias RM, Avelar A, Salvador EP, et al. Influence of previous experience on resistance training on reliability of one-repetition maximum test. J Strength Cond Res. 2011;25(5):1418-22.
Ritti-Dias, R. M., Avelar, A., Salvador, E. P., & Cyrino, E. S. (2011). Influence of previous experience on resistance training on reliability of one-repetition maximum test. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25(5), 1418-22. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181d67c4b
Ritti-Dias RM, et al. Influence of Previous Experience On Resistance Training On Reliability of One-repetition Maximum Test. J Strength Cond Res. 2011;25(5):1418-22. PubMed PMID: 21522076.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Influence of previous experience on resistance training on reliability of one-repetition maximum test. AU - Ritti-Dias,Raphael Mendes, AU - Avelar,Ademar, AU - Salvador,Emanuel Péricles, AU - Cyrino,Edilson Serpeloni, PY - 2011/4/28/entrez PY - 2011/4/28/pubmed PY - 2011/8/27/medline SP - 1418 EP - 22 JF - Journal of strength and conditioning research JO - J Strength Cond Res VL - 25 IS - 5 N2 - The 1-repetition maximum test (1RM) has been widely used to assess maximal strength. However, to improve accuracy in assessing maximal strength, several sessions of the 1RM test are recommended. The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of previous resistance training experience on the reliability of 1RM test. Thirty men were assigned to the following 2 groups according to their previous resistance training experience: no previous resistance training experience (NOEXP) and more than 24 months of resistance training experience (EXP). All subjects performed the 1RM tests in bench press and squat in 4 sessions on distinct days. There was a significant session × group effect in bench press (F = 3.09; p < 0.03) and squat (F = 2.76; p < 0.05) showing that only the NOEXP increased maximal strength between the sessions. Significant increases (p < 0.05) in maximal strength occurred in the NOEXP between session 1 and the other sessions in bench press (session 1 vs. 2 = +3.8%; session 1 vs. 3 = +7.4%; session 1 vs. 4 = +10.1%), and squat (session 1 vs. 2 = +7.6%; session 1 vs. 3 = +10.1%; session 1 vs. 4 = +11.2%). Moreover, in bench press, maximal strength in sessions 3 and 4 were significantly higher than in session 2. The results of the present study suggest that the reliability of the 1RM test is influenced by the subject's previous experience in resistance training. Subjects without experience in resistance training require more practice and familiarization and show greater increases in maximal strength between sessions than subjects with previous experience in resistance training. SN - 1533-4287 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21522076/Influence_of_previous_experience_on_resistance_training_on_reliability_of_one_repetition_maximum_test_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181d67c4b DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -