Iron(II)-catalyzed amidation of aldehydes with iminoiodinanes at room temperature and under microwave-assisted conditions.J Org Chem. 2011 Jun 17; 76(12):4894-904.JO
A method for the amidation of aldehydes with PhI=NTs/PhI=NNs as the nitrogen source and an inexpensive iron(II) chloride + pyridine as the in situ formed precatalyst under mild conditions at room temperature or microwave assisted conditions is described. The reaction was operationally straightforward and accomplished in moderate to excellent product yields (20-99%) and with complete chemoselectivity with the new C-N bond forming only at the formylic C-H bond in substrates containing other reactive functional groups. By utilizing microwave irradiation, comparable product yields and short reaction times of 1 h could be accomplished. The mechanism is suggested to involve insertion of a putative iron-nitrene/imido group to the formylic C-H bond of the substrate via a H-atom abstraction/radical rebound pathway mediated by the precatalyst [Fe(py)(4)Cl(2)] generated in situ from reaction of FeCl(2) with pyridine.