[Efficacy of oral supplementation during dialysis in patients with chronic renal failure].Endocrinol Nutr. 2011 May; 58(5):236-42.EN
Protein-calorie malnutrition is common in hemodialysis patients and is a powerful predictor of morbidity and mortality. Nutritional supplementation, administered orally or parenterally, especially during dialysis, may compensate for the relatively inadequate protein and energy intake and improves net protein anabolism in chronic hemodialysis patients. Intradialytic oral nutrition seems preferable to intradialytic parenteral nutrition (IDPN) due to its lower cost and persistence of its anabolic effects after infusion is stopped, and because IDPN induces a higher increase in serum glucose and insulin levels and a greater reduction in serum ghrelin concentrations. Further larger scale randomized, controlled trials of nutritional interventions should be performed in maintenance dialysis patients to assess their efficacy regarding quality of life, morbidity, and mortality.