Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Defining anthropometric cut-off levels related to metabolic risk in a group of Sri Lankan children.
Ann Hum Biol 2011; 38(5):537-43AH

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Body mass index (BMI) is widely used as a measure of adiposity. However, currently used cut-off values are not sensitive in diagnosing obesity in South Asian populations.

AIM

To define BMI and waist circumference (WC), cut-off values representing percentage fat mass (%FM) associated with adverse health outcomes.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS

A cross-sectional descriptive study of 285 5-14 year old Sri Lankan children (56% boys) was carried out. Fat mass (FM) was assessed using the isotope (D(2)O) dilution technique based on 2C body composition model. BMI and WC cut-off values were defined based on %FM associated with adverse health outcomes.

RESULTS

Sri Lankan children had a low fat free mass index (FFMI) and a high fat mass index (FMI). Individuals with the same BMI had %FM distributed over a wide range. Lean body tissue grew very little with advancing age and weight gain was mainly due to increases in body fat. BMI corresponding to 25% in males and 35% in females at 18 years was 19.2 kg/m(2) and 19.7 kg/m(2), respectively. WC cut-off values for males and females were 68.4 cm and 70.4 cm, respectively.

CONCLUSION

This chart analysis clearly confirms that Sri Lankan children have a high %FM from a young age. With age, more changes occur in FM than in fat free mass (FFM). Although the newly defined BMI and WC cut-off values appear to be quite low, they are comparable to some recent data obtained in similar populations.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Paediatrics, University of Colombo, Kynsey Road Colombo 08, Sri Lanka. pujithaw@yahoo.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21534890

Citation

Wickramasinghe, V P., et al. "Defining Anthropometric Cut-off Levels Related to Metabolic Risk in a Group of Sri Lankan Children." Annals of Human Biology, vol. 38, no. 5, 2011, pp. 537-43.
Wickramasinghe VP, Lamabadusuriya SP, Cleghorn GJ, et al. Defining anthropometric cut-off levels related to metabolic risk in a group of Sri Lankan children. Ann Hum Biol. 2011;38(5):537-43.
Wickramasinghe, V. P., Lamabadusuriya, S. P., Cleghorn, G. J., & Davies, P. S. (2011). Defining anthropometric cut-off levels related to metabolic risk in a group of Sri Lankan children. Annals of Human Biology, 38(5), pp. 537-43. doi:10.3109/03014460.2011.573505.
Wickramasinghe VP, et al. Defining Anthropometric Cut-off Levels Related to Metabolic Risk in a Group of Sri Lankan Children. Ann Hum Biol. 2011;38(5):537-43. PubMed PMID: 21534890.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Defining anthropometric cut-off levels related to metabolic risk in a group of Sri Lankan children. AU - Wickramasinghe,V P, AU - Lamabadusuriya,S P, AU - Cleghorn,G J, AU - Davies,P S W, Y1 - 2011/05/03/ PY - 2011/5/4/entrez PY - 2011/5/4/pubmed PY - 2011/12/13/medline SP - 537 EP - 43 JF - Annals of human biology JO - Ann. Hum. Biol. VL - 38 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: Body mass index (BMI) is widely used as a measure of adiposity. However, currently used cut-off values are not sensitive in diagnosing obesity in South Asian populations. AIM: To define BMI and waist circumference (WC), cut-off values representing percentage fat mass (%FM) associated with adverse health outcomes. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study of 285 5-14 year old Sri Lankan children (56% boys) was carried out. Fat mass (FM) was assessed using the isotope (D(2)O) dilution technique based on 2C body composition model. BMI and WC cut-off values were defined based on %FM associated with adverse health outcomes. RESULTS: Sri Lankan children had a low fat free mass index (FFMI) and a high fat mass index (FMI). Individuals with the same BMI had %FM distributed over a wide range. Lean body tissue grew very little with advancing age and weight gain was mainly due to increases in body fat. BMI corresponding to 25% in males and 35% in females at 18 years was 19.2 kg/m(2) and 19.7 kg/m(2), respectively. WC cut-off values for males and females were 68.4 cm and 70.4 cm, respectively. CONCLUSION: This chart analysis clearly confirms that Sri Lankan children have a high %FM from a young age. With age, more changes occur in FM than in fat free mass (FFM). Although the newly defined BMI and WC cut-off values appear to be quite low, they are comparable to some recent data obtained in similar populations. SN - 1464-5033 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21534890/Defining_anthropometric_cut_off_levels_related_to_metabolic_risk_in_a_group_of_Sri_Lankan_children_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/03014460.2011.573505 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -