NADPH oxidase-dependent formation of reactive oxygen species contributes to angiotensin II-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition in rat peritoneal mesothelial cells.Int J Mol Med. 2011 Sep; 28(3):405-12.IJ
The objective of the present study was to investigate the role of NADPH oxidase-dependent formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and in the accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) in rat peritoneal mesothelial cells (RPMCs). Primary cultured RPMCs were incubated with serum-free media for 24 h in order to arrest and synchronize cell growth. The cells were treated with Ang II (10⁻⁷ M) up to 48 h. Cells were pretreated with an Ang II type I receptor antagonist (losartan, 10⁻⁵ M), or an inhibitor of NADPH, oxidase diphenyleneiodonium (DPI) (10⁻⁵ M), for 1 h before addition of Ang II. The dichlorofluorescein (DCF)-sensitive cellular ROS were measured by fluorometric assay and confocal microscopy. RT-PCR was employed to detect the mRNA expression for the NADPH oxidase subunit p47phox, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and E-cadherin. PAI-1, α-SMA and p47phox protein expression were examined by Western blot analysis. Ang II significantly induced the production of intracellular ROS. DPI and losartan inhibited Ang II-induced ROS generation by 86.8% and 77.4% (p<0.05), respectively. Ang II significantly stimulated NADPH oxidase subunit p47phox mRNA and protein expression in RPMCs. Both losartan and DPI inhibited Ang II-induced up-regulation of p47phox mRNA by 37.3% and 67.8% (p<0.05), respectively. Ang II also stimulated α-SMA mRNA and protein expression and down-regulated E-cadherin mRNA expression in RPMCs. This effect was suppressed by both losartan and DPI. Ang II significantly up-regulated PAI-1 mRNA and protein expression and these were significantly suppressed by both losartan and DPI. In conclusion, NADPH oxidase-dependent formation of ROS mediates Ang II dependent EMT and accumulation of ECM in rat peritoneal mesothelial cells. NADPH oxidase may represent a potential therapeutic target in the management of peritoneal fibrosis.