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Epidemiology of endemic systemic fungal infections in Latin America.
Med Mycol. 2011 Nov; 49(8):785-98.MM

Abstract

Although endemic mycoses are a frequent health problem in Latin American countries, clinical and epidemiological data remain scarce and fragmentary. These mycoses have a significant impact on public health, and early diagnosis and appropriate treatment remain important. The target population for endemic disease in Latin America is mostly represented by low-income rural workers with limited access to a public or private health system. Unfortunately, diagnostic tools are not widely available in medical centers in Latin America; consequently, by the time patients are diagnosed with fungal infection, many are already severely ill. Among immunocompromised patients, endemic mycoses usually behave as opportunistic infections causing disseminated rather than localized disease. This paper reviews the epidemiology of the most clinically significant endemic mycoses in Latin America: paracoccidioidomycosis, histoplasmosis, and coccidioidomycosis. The burdens of disease, typically affected populations, and clinical outcomes also are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. colomboal@terra.com.brNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21539506

Citation

Colombo, Arnaldo Lopes, et al. "Epidemiology of Endemic Systemic Fungal Infections in Latin America." Medical Mycology, vol. 49, no. 8, 2011, pp. 785-98.
Colombo AL, Tobón A, Restrepo A, et al. Epidemiology of endemic systemic fungal infections in Latin America. Med Mycol. 2011;49(8):785-98.
Colombo, A. L., Tobón, A., Restrepo, A., Queiroz-Telles, F., & Nucci, M. (2011). Epidemiology of endemic systemic fungal infections in Latin America. Medical Mycology, 49(8), 785-98. https://doi.org/10.3109/13693786.2011.577821
Colombo AL, et al. Epidemiology of Endemic Systemic Fungal Infections in Latin America. Med Mycol. 2011;49(8):785-98. PubMed PMID: 21539506.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Epidemiology of endemic systemic fungal infections in Latin America. AU - Colombo,Arnaldo Lopes, AU - Tobón,Angela, AU - Restrepo,Angela, AU - Queiroz-Telles,Flavio, AU - Nucci,Marcio, Y1 - 2011/05/04/ PY - 2011/5/5/entrez PY - 2011/5/5/pubmed PY - 2014/3/7/medline SP - 785 EP - 98 JF - Medical mycology JO - Med. Mycol. VL - 49 IS - 8 N2 - Although endemic mycoses are a frequent health problem in Latin American countries, clinical and epidemiological data remain scarce and fragmentary. These mycoses have a significant impact on public health, and early diagnosis and appropriate treatment remain important. The target population for endemic disease in Latin America is mostly represented by low-income rural workers with limited access to a public or private health system. Unfortunately, diagnostic tools are not widely available in medical centers in Latin America; consequently, by the time patients are diagnosed with fungal infection, many are already severely ill. Among immunocompromised patients, endemic mycoses usually behave as opportunistic infections causing disseminated rather than localized disease. This paper reviews the epidemiology of the most clinically significant endemic mycoses in Latin America: paracoccidioidomycosis, histoplasmosis, and coccidioidomycosis. The burdens of disease, typically affected populations, and clinical outcomes also are discussed. SN - 1460-2709 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21539506/Epidemiology_of_endemic_systemic_fungal_infections_in_Latin_America_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/mmy/article-lookup/doi/10.3109/13693786.2011.577821 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -