Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Combined resistance and endurance exercise training improves arterial stiffness, blood pressure, and muscle strength in postmenopausal women.
Menopause. 2011 Sep; 18(9):980-4.M

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Menopause is associated with increased arterial stiffness and reduced muscle strength. Combined resistance (RE) and endurance (EE) exercise training can decrease brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), an index of arterial stiffness, in young men. We tested the hypothesis that combined circuit RE and EE training would improve baPWV, blood pressure (BP), and muscle strength in postmenopausal women.

METHODS

Twenty-four postmenopausal women (age 47-68 y) were randomly assigned to a "no exercise" control (n = 12) or to combined exercise training (EX; n = 12) group. The EX group performed concurrent circuit RE training followed by EE training at 60% of the predicted maximal heart rate (HR) 3 days per week. Brachial systolic BP, diastolic BP, mean arterial pressure, baPWV, HR, and dynamic and isometric muscle strength were measured before and after the 12-week study.

RESULTS

Mean ± SE baPWV (-0.8 ± 0.2 meters/s), systolic BP (-6.0 ± 1.9 mm Hg), diastolic BP (-4.8 ± 1.7 mm Hg), HR (-4.0 ± 1.0 beats/min), and mean arterial pressure (-5.1 ± 1.6 mm Hg) decreased (P < 0.05), whereas dynamic leg strength (5.1 ± 1.0 vs 0.6 ± 1.0 kg for the EX and control groups, respectively) and isometric handgrip strength (2.8 ± 0.7 vs -0.6 ± 1.2 kg) increased (P < 0.05) in the EX group but not in the control group.

CONCLUSIONS

Our findings indicate that a 12-week moderate-intensity combined circuit RE and EE training improves arterial stiffness, hemodynamics, and muscle strength in previously sedentary postmenopausal women. This study provides evidence that combined training may have important health implications for the prevention of hypertension and frailty in postmenopausal women.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition, Food and Exercise Sciences, College of Human Sciences, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21540753

Citation

Figueroa, Arturo, et al. "Combined Resistance and Endurance Exercise Training Improves Arterial Stiffness, Blood Pressure, and Muscle Strength in Postmenopausal Women." Menopause (New York, N.Y.), vol. 18, no. 9, 2011, pp. 980-4.
Figueroa A, Park SY, Seo DY, et al. Combined resistance and endurance exercise training improves arterial stiffness, blood pressure, and muscle strength in postmenopausal women. Menopause. 2011;18(9):980-4.
Figueroa, A., Park, S. Y., Seo, D. Y., Sanchez-Gonzalez, M. A., & Baek, Y. H. (2011). Combined resistance and endurance exercise training improves arterial stiffness, blood pressure, and muscle strength in postmenopausal women. Menopause (New York, N.Y.), 18(9), 980-4. https://doi.org/10.1097/gme.0b013e3182135442
Figueroa A, et al. Combined Resistance and Endurance Exercise Training Improves Arterial Stiffness, Blood Pressure, and Muscle Strength in Postmenopausal Women. Menopause. 2011;18(9):980-4. PubMed PMID: 21540753.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Combined resistance and endurance exercise training improves arterial stiffness, blood pressure, and muscle strength in postmenopausal women. AU - Figueroa,Arturo, AU - Park,Song Y, AU - Seo,Dae Y, AU - Sanchez-Gonzalez,Marcos A, AU - Baek,Yeong H, PY - 2011/5/5/entrez PY - 2011/5/5/pubmed PY - 2011/12/31/medline SP - 980 EP - 4 JF - Menopause (New York, N.Y.) JO - Menopause VL - 18 IS - 9 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Menopause is associated with increased arterial stiffness and reduced muscle strength. Combined resistance (RE) and endurance (EE) exercise training can decrease brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), an index of arterial stiffness, in young men. We tested the hypothesis that combined circuit RE and EE training would improve baPWV, blood pressure (BP), and muscle strength in postmenopausal women. METHODS: Twenty-four postmenopausal women (age 47-68 y) were randomly assigned to a "no exercise" control (n = 12) or to combined exercise training (EX; n = 12) group. The EX group performed concurrent circuit RE training followed by EE training at 60% of the predicted maximal heart rate (HR) 3 days per week. Brachial systolic BP, diastolic BP, mean arterial pressure, baPWV, HR, and dynamic and isometric muscle strength were measured before and after the 12-week study. RESULTS: Mean ± SE baPWV (-0.8 ± 0.2 meters/s), systolic BP (-6.0 ± 1.9 mm Hg), diastolic BP (-4.8 ± 1.7 mm Hg), HR (-4.0 ± 1.0 beats/min), and mean arterial pressure (-5.1 ± 1.6 mm Hg) decreased (P < 0.05), whereas dynamic leg strength (5.1 ± 1.0 vs 0.6 ± 1.0 kg for the EX and control groups, respectively) and isometric handgrip strength (2.8 ± 0.7 vs -0.6 ± 1.2 kg) increased (P < 0.05) in the EX group but not in the control group. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that a 12-week moderate-intensity combined circuit RE and EE training improves arterial stiffness, hemodynamics, and muscle strength in previously sedentary postmenopausal women. This study provides evidence that combined training may have important health implications for the prevention of hypertension and frailty in postmenopausal women. SN - 1530-0374 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21540753/Combined_resistance_and_endurance_exercise_training_improves_arterial_stiffness_blood_pressure_and_muscle_strength_in_postmenopausal_women_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/gme.0b013e3182135442 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -