Characterization and selective inhibition of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase isozymes in canine tracheal smooth muscle.Mol Pharmacol. 1990 Feb; 37(2):206-14.MP
Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs) from canine trachealis were characterized with respect to their kinetic properties, sensitivity to selective inhibitors, and subcellular distribution. Extracts from whole tissue homogenates were applied to DEAE-Sepharose anion exchange columns and eluted with a linear sodium acetate gradient. Three major peaks of PDE activity were resolved. The first (PDE I), which eluted at 0.2 M sodium acetate, was applied to a calmodulin (CaM)-Sepharose affinity column and resolved into CaM-insensitive and CaM-sensitive PDEs. The CaM-insensitive isozyme (PDE Ia) had apparent Km values of 135 microM (cAMP) and 4 microM (cGMP) and was potently inhibited by zaprinast (Ki = 0.1 microM). The CaM-sensitive isozyme (PDE Ic) had apparent Km values of 1 microM (cAMP) and 2 microM (cGMP) and was inhibited by zaprinast with an apparent Ki of 35 microM. The second peak of activity (PDE II) from the anion exchange column eluted at 0.3 M sodium acetate and had apparent Km values of 93 microM (cAMP) and 60 microM (cGMP). The enzyme displayed positive cooperativity with respect to the hydrolysis of cAMP (nH = 1.7). Low concentrations of cGMP (0.1-1 microM) reduced cooperativity (nH = 1.1) and increased the hydrolysis of 1 microM cAMP. The third peak of activity from the anion exchange column eluted at 0.6 M sodium acetate and displayed anomalous kinetics that suggested the presence of two isozymes. This was supported by the observation that enzyme activity was only partially inhibited by SK&F 94120 or Ro 20-1724 but was abolished by the combination of the two PDE inhibitors. Subsequent studies confirmed the existence of two isozymes. The first, PDE III, had apparent Km values of 0.3 microM (cAMP) and 8 microM (cGMP) and was inhibited by cGMP (IC50 = 0.1 microM), SK&F 94120 (Ki = 7.8 microM), and SK&F 94836 (Ki = 0.4 microM). The second, PDE IV, had apparent Km values of 4 microM (cAMP) and 40 microM (cGMP) and was inhibited by Ro 20-1724 (Ki = 5.2 microM) and rolipram (Ki = 0.5 microM) but not by cGMP. Assessment of the 100,000 x g soluble and particulate PDE activity revealed that all five isozymes were present in the soluble fraction, but only four isozymes (PDEs Ia, Ic, III, and IV) were present in the particulate fraction. These results indicate that five distinct PDE isozyme exist in canine trachealis and that these isozymes differ in their kinetic characteristics, sensitivity to activators and inhibitors, and subcellular distribution.