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Phenolic composition and antioxidant activity in seed coats of 60 Chinese black soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.) varieties.
J Agric Food Chem. 2011 Jun 08; 59(11):5935-44.JA

Abstract

Phenolics in black soybean seed coat (BSSC) are considered to be responsible for the health benefits of black soybean. BSSCs of 60 Chinese varieties were examined for phenolic contents, anthocyanin profiles, and antioxidant activity. Total phenolic and condensed tannin contents ranged from 512.2 to 6057.9 mg gallic acid equivalents/100 g and from 137.2 to 1741.1 mg (+)-catechin equivalents/100 g, respectively. Six anthocyanins (delphinidin-3-glucoside, cyanidin-3-galactoside, cyanidin-3-glucoside, petunidin-3-glucoside, peonidin-3-glucoside, and malvidin-3-glucoside) were detected by HPLC. Total anthocyanin contents (TAC) were from 98.8 to 2132.5 mg/100 g, and cyanidin-3-glucoside was the most abundant anthocyanin in all varieties, with a distribution of 48.8-94.1% of TAC. Antioxidant properties detected by DPPH, FRAP, and ORAC methods all showed wide variations ranging from 4.8 to 65.3 μg/100 mL (expressed as EC(50)), from 17.5 to 105.8 units/g, and from 42.5 to 1834.6 μmol Trolox equivalent/g, respectively. Sixty varieties were classified into four groups by hierarchical clustering analysis, and group 4 consisting of nine varieties had the highest phytochemicals content and antioxidant activity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Key Laboratory of Functional Food Research, Ministry of Agriculture, Bio-Technical Research Institute, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangzhou 510610, China.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21548651

Citation

Zhang, Rui Fen, et al. "Phenolic Composition and Antioxidant Activity in Seed Coats of 60 Chinese Black Soybean (Glycine Max L. Merr.) Varieties." Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 59, no. 11, 2011, pp. 5935-44.
Zhang RF, Zhang FX, Zhang MW, et al. Phenolic composition and antioxidant activity in seed coats of 60 Chinese black soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.) varieties. J Agric Food Chem. 2011;59(11):5935-44.
Zhang, R. F., Zhang, F. X., Zhang, M. W., Wei, Z. C., Yang, C. Y., Zhang, Y., Tang, X. J., Deng, Y. Y., & Chi, J. W. (2011). Phenolic composition and antioxidant activity in seed coats of 60 Chinese black soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.) varieties. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 59(11), 5935-44. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf201593n
Zhang RF, et al. Phenolic Composition and Antioxidant Activity in Seed Coats of 60 Chinese Black Soybean (Glycine Max L. Merr.) Varieties. J Agric Food Chem. 2011 Jun 8;59(11):5935-44. PubMed PMID: 21548651.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Phenolic composition and antioxidant activity in seed coats of 60 Chinese black soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.) varieties. AU - Zhang,Rui Fen, AU - Zhang,Fang Xuan, AU - Zhang,Ming Wei, AU - Wei,Zhen Cheng, AU - Yang,Chun Ying, AU - Zhang,Yan, AU - Tang,Xiao Jun, AU - Deng,Yuan Yuan, AU - Chi,Jian Wei, Y1 - 2011/05/17/ PY - 2011/5/10/entrez PY - 2011/5/10/pubmed PY - 2011/10/15/medline SP - 5935 EP - 44 JF - Journal of agricultural and food chemistry JO - J Agric Food Chem VL - 59 IS - 11 N2 - Phenolics in black soybean seed coat (BSSC) are considered to be responsible for the health benefits of black soybean. BSSCs of 60 Chinese varieties were examined for phenolic contents, anthocyanin profiles, and antioxidant activity. Total phenolic and condensed tannin contents ranged from 512.2 to 6057.9 mg gallic acid equivalents/100 g and from 137.2 to 1741.1 mg (+)-catechin equivalents/100 g, respectively. Six anthocyanins (delphinidin-3-glucoside, cyanidin-3-galactoside, cyanidin-3-glucoside, petunidin-3-glucoside, peonidin-3-glucoside, and malvidin-3-glucoside) were detected by HPLC. Total anthocyanin contents (TAC) were from 98.8 to 2132.5 mg/100 g, and cyanidin-3-glucoside was the most abundant anthocyanin in all varieties, with a distribution of 48.8-94.1% of TAC. Antioxidant properties detected by DPPH, FRAP, and ORAC methods all showed wide variations ranging from 4.8 to 65.3 μg/100 mL (expressed as EC(50)), from 17.5 to 105.8 units/g, and from 42.5 to 1834.6 μmol Trolox equivalent/g, respectively. Sixty varieties were classified into four groups by hierarchical clustering analysis, and group 4 consisting of nine varieties had the highest phytochemicals content and antioxidant activity. SN - 1520-5118 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21548651/Phenolic_composition_and_antioxidant_activity_in_seed_coats_of_60_Chinese_black_soybean__Glycine_max_L__Merr___varieties_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1021/jf201593n DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -