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Illicium verum: a review on its botany, traditional use, chemistry and pharmacology.
J Ethnopharmacol. 2011 Jun 14; 136(1):10-20.JE

Abstract

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE

The fruit of Illicium verum Hook. f. (Chinese star anise) has long been used in traditional Chinese medicine and food industry with the actions of dispelling cold, regulating the flow of Qi and relieving pain.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

A bibliographic investigation was carried out by analyzing recognized books including Chinese herbal classic, and worldwide accepted scientific databases (Pubmed, SciFinder, Scopus and Web of Science) were searched for the available information on I. verum.

RESULTS

I. verum is an aromatic evergreen tree of the family Illiciaceae. It is sometimes contaminated with highly toxic Japanese star anise (I. anisatum L.) and poisonous star anise (I. lanceolatum A. C. Smith), which contain several neurotoxic sesquiterpenes. Traditional uses of I. verum are recorded throughout Asia and Northern America, where it has been used for more than 10 types of disorders. Numerous compounds including volatiles, seco-prezizaane-type sesquiterpenes, phenylpropanoids, lignans, flavonoids and other constituents have been identified from I. verum. Modern pharmacology studies demonstrated that its crude extracts and active compounds possess wide pharmacological actions, especially in antimicrobial, antioxidant, insecticidal, analgesic, sedative and convulsive activities. In addition, it is the major source of shikimic acid, a primary ingredient in the antiflu drug (Tamiflu).

AIM OF THE REVIEW

This review summarizes the up-to-date and comprehensive information concerning the botany, traditional use, phytochemistry and pharmacology of I. verum together with the toxicology, and discusses the possible trend and scope for future research of I. verum.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21549817

Citation

Wang, Guo-Wei, et al. "Illicium Verum: a Review On Its Botany, Traditional Use, Chemistry and Pharmacology." Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 136, no. 1, 2011, pp. 10-20.
Wang GW, Hu WT, Huang BK, et al. Illicium verum: a review on its botany, traditional use, chemistry and pharmacology. J Ethnopharmacol. 2011;136(1):10-20.
Wang, G. W., Hu, W. T., Huang, B. K., & Qin, L. P. (2011). Illicium verum: a review on its botany, traditional use, chemistry and pharmacology. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 136(1), 10-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2011.04.051
Wang GW, et al. Illicium Verum: a Review On Its Botany, Traditional Use, Chemistry and Pharmacology. J Ethnopharmacol. 2011 Jun 14;136(1):10-20. PubMed PMID: 21549817.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Illicium verum: a review on its botany, traditional use, chemistry and pharmacology. AU - Wang,Guo-Wei, AU - Hu,Wen-Ting, AU - Huang,Bao-Kang, AU - Qin,Lu-Ping, Y1 - 2011/04/29/ PY - 2010/11/20/received PY - 2011/04/18/revised PY - 2011/04/19/accepted PY - 2011/5/10/entrez PY - 2011/5/10/pubmed PY - 2011/12/31/medline SP - 10 EP - 20 JF - Journal of ethnopharmacology JO - J Ethnopharmacol VL - 136 IS - 1 N2 - ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The fruit of Illicium verum Hook. f. (Chinese star anise) has long been used in traditional Chinese medicine and food industry with the actions of dispelling cold, regulating the flow of Qi and relieving pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A bibliographic investigation was carried out by analyzing recognized books including Chinese herbal classic, and worldwide accepted scientific databases (Pubmed, SciFinder, Scopus and Web of Science) were searched for the available information on I. verum. RESULTS: I. verum is an aromatic evergreen tree of the family Illiciaceae. It is sometimes contaminated with highly toxic Japanese star anise (I. anisatum L.) and poisonous star anise (I. lanceolatum A. C. Smith), which contain several neurotoxic sesquiterpenes. Traditional uses of I. verum are recorded throughout Asia and Northern America, where it has been used for more than 10 types of disorders. Numerous compounds including volatiles, seco-prezizaane-type sesquiterpenes, phenylpropanoids, lignans, flavonoids and other constituents have been identified from I. verum. Modern pharmacology studies demonstrated that its crude extracts and active compounds possess wide pharmacological actions, especially in antimicrobial, antioxidant, insecticidal, analgesic, sedative and convulsive activities. In addition, it is the major source of shikimic acid, a primary ingredient in the antiflu drug (Tamiflu). AIM OF THE REVIEW: This review summarizes the up-to-date and comprehensive information concerning the botany, traditional use, phytochemistry and pharmacology of I. verum together with the toxicology, and discusses the possible trend and scope for future research of I. verum. SN - 1872-7573 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21549817/Illicium_verum:_a_review_on_its_botany_traditional_use_chemistry_and_pharmacology_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0378-8741(11)00303-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -