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In vitro antimicrobial activity of propolis, BioPure MTAD, sodium hypochlorite, and chlorhexidine on Enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans.
Saudi Med J. 2011 May; 32(5):479-83.SM

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate the antimicrobial effect by measuring the minimum inhibitory concentration MIC and minimum bactericidal concentration MBC of propolis, BioPure MTAD, 5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), and 2% chlorhexidine CHX on Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis) and Candida albicans (C. albicans) in vitro.

METHODS

This study was performed in the Faculty of Dentistry and Pharmacy at Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey from February to April 2010. Ethanol extract of propolis (EEP) was prepared from propolis collected from Kayseri, Turkey, and proper media for microorganisms were prepared using sterile broth medium to give final concentrations between 0.002-2.4 mg/ml for propolis, 0.000125-0.512 mg/ml for CHX, and 1:2-1:4096 dilutions for NaOCl and BioPure MTAD. Using the macrobroth dilution method, MIC, and MBC values of irrigants on the growth of E. faecalis and C. albicans were determined.

RESULTS

Propolis and other irrigants were found to be effective on C. albicans and E. faecalis. Propolis and NaOCl were more effective in lower concentrations on C. albicans than on E. faecalis. In contrast, CHX and MTAD were more effective in lower concentrations on E. faecalis than on C. albicans.

CONCLUSION

Propolis showed antimicrobial activity against E. faecalis and C. albicans. It appears that propolis is an effective intracanal irrigant in eradicating E. faecalis and C. albicans.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Erciyes, Talas, Kayseri 38039, Turkey. soley@erciyes.edu.trNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21556468

Citation

Arslan, Soley, et al. "In Vitro Antimicrobial Activity of Propolis, BioPure MTAD, Sodium Hypochlorite, and Chlorhexidine On Enterococcus Faecalis and Candida Albicans." Saudi Medical Journal, vol. 32, no. 5, 2011, pp. 479-83.
Arslan S, Ozbilge H, Kaya EG, et al. In vitro antimicrobial activity of propolis, BioPure MTAD, sodium hypochlorite, and chlorhexidine on Enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans. Saudi Med J. 2011;32(5):479-83.
Arslan, S., Ozbilge, H., Kaya, E. G., & Er, O. (2011). In vitro antimicrobial activity of propolis, BioPure MTAD, sodium hypochlorite, and chlorhexidine on Enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans. Saudi Medical Journal, 32(5), 479-83.
Arslan S, et al. In Vitro Antimicrobial Activity of Propolis, BioPure MTAD, Sodium Hypochlorite, and Chlorhexidine On Enterococcus Faecalis and Candida Albicans. Saudi Med J. 2011;32(5):479-83. PubMed PMID: 21556468.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - In vitro antimicrobial activity of propolis, BioPure MTAD, sodium hypochlorite, and chlorhexidine on Enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans. AU - Arslan,Soley, AU - Ozbilge,Hatice, AU - Kaya,Esma G, AU - Er,Ozgur, PY - 2011/5/11/entrez PY - 2011/5/11/pubmed PY - 2011/10/14/medline SP - 479 EP - 83 JF - Saudi medical journal JO - Saudi Med J VL - 32 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the antimicrobial effect by measuring the minimum inhibitory concentration MIC and minimum bactericidal concentration MBC of propolis, BioPure MTAD, 5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), and 2% chlorhexidine CHX on Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis) and Candida albicans (C. albicans) in vitro. METHODS: This study was performed in the Faculty of Dentistry and Pharmacy at Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey from February to April 2010. Ethanol extract of propolis (EEP) was prepared from propolis collected from Kayseri, Turkey, and proper media for microorganisms were prepared using sterile broth medium to give final concentrations between 0.002-2.4 mg/ml for propolis, 0.000125-0.512 mg/ml for CHX, and 1:2-1:4096 dilutions for NaOCl and BioPure MTAD. Using the macrobroth dilution method, MIC, and MBC values of irrigants on the growth of E. faecalis and C. albicans were determined. RESULTS: Propolis and other irrigants were found to be effective on C. albicans and E. faecalis. Propolis and NaOCl were more effective in lower concentrations on C. albicans than on E. faecalis. In contrast, CHX and MTAD were more effective in lower concentrations on E. faecalis than on C. albicans. CONCLUSION: Propolis showed antimicrobial activity against E. faecalis and C. albicans. It appears that propolis is an effective intracanal irrigant in eradicating E. faecalis and C. albicans. SN - 0379-5284 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21556468/In_vitro_antimicrobial_activity_of_propolis_BioPure_MTAD_sodium_hypochlorite_and_chlorhexidine_on_Enterococcus_faecalis_and_Candida_albicans_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -