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Chemical characterization and antimicrobial activity of rhizome essential oils of very closely allied Zingiberaceae species endemic to Borneo: Alpinia ligulata K. Schum. and Alpinia nieuwenhuizii Val.
Chem Biodivers. 2011 May; 8(5):916-23.CB

Abstract

Two poorly studied, morphologically allied Alpinia species endemic to Borneo, viz., A. ligulata and A. nieuwenhuizii, were investigated here for their rhizome essential oil. The oil compositions and antimicrobial activities were compared with those of A. galanga, a better known plant. A fair number of compounds were identified in the oils by GC-FID and GC/MS analyses, with large differences in the oil composition between the three species. The rhizome oil of A. galanga was rich in 1,8-cineole (29.8%), while those of A. ligulata and A. nieuwenhuizii were both found to be extremely rich in (E)-methyl cinnamate (36.4 and 67.8%, resp.). The three oils were screened for their antimicrobial activity against three Gram-positive and three Gram-negative bacteria and two fungal species. The efficiency of growth inhibition of Staphylococcus aureus var. aureus was found to decline in the order of A. nieuwenhuizii>A. ligulata ∼ A. galanga, while that of Escherichia coli decreased in the order of A. galanga>A. nieuwenhuzii ∼ A. ligulata. Only the A. galanga oil inhibited the other bacteria and the fungi tested.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Faculty of Industrial Sciences & Technology, University Malaysia Pahang, Lebuhraya Tun Razak, Gambang, Pahang, Malaysia. mashitah@ump.edu.myNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21560240

Citation

Yusoff, Mashitah M., et al. "Chemical Characterization and Antimicrobial Activity of Rhizome Essential Oils of Very Closely Allied Zingiberaceae Species Endemic to Borneo: Alpinia Ligulata K. Schum. and Alpinia Nieuwenhuizii Val." Chemistry & Biodiversity, vol. 8, no. 5, 2011, pp. 916-23.
Yusoff MM, Ibrahim H, Hamid NA. Chemical characterization and antimicrobial activity of rhizome essential oils of very closely allied Zingiberaceae species endemic to Borneo: Alpinia ligulata K. Schum. and Alpinia nieuwenhuizii Val. Chem Biodivers. 2011;8(5):916-23.
Yusoff, M. M., Ibrahim, H., & Hamid, N. A. (2011). Chemical characterization and antimicrobial activity of rhizome essential oils of very closely allied Zingiberaceae species endemic to Borneo: Alpinia ligulata K. Schum. and Alpinia nieuwenhuizii Val. Chemistry & Biodiversity, 8(5), 916-23. https://doi.org/10.1002/cbdv.201000270
Yusoff MM, Ibrahim H, Hamid NA. Chemical Characterization and Antimicrobial Activity of Rhizome Essential Oils of Very Closely Allied Zingiberaceae Species Endemic to Borneo: Alpinia Ligulata K. Schum. and Alpinia Nieuwenhuizii Val. Chem Biodivers. 2011;8(5):916-23. PubMed PMID: 21560240.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Chemical characterization and antimicrobial activity of rhizome essential oils of very closely allied Zingiberaceae species endemic to Borneo: Alpinia ligulata K. Schum. and Alpinia nieuwenhuizii Val. AU - Yusoff,Mashitah M, AU - Ibrahim,Halijah, AU - Hamid,Nurulhusna A, PY - 2011/5/12/entrez PY - 2011/5/12/pubmed PY - 2011/8/31/medline SP - 916 EP - 23 JF - Chemistry & biodiversity JO - Chem Biodivers VL - 8 IS - 5 N2 - Two poorly studied, morphologically allied Alpinia species endemic to Borneo, viz., A. ligulata and A. nieuwenhuizii, were investigated here for their rhizome essential oil. The oil compositions and antimicrobial activities were compared with those of A. galanga, a better known plant. A fair number of compounds were identified in the oils by GC-FID and GC/MS analyses, with large differences in the oil composition between the three species. The rhizome oil of A. galanga was rich in 1,8-cineole (29.8%), while those of A. ligulata and A. nieuwenhuizii were both found to be extremely rich in (E)-methyl cinnamate (36.4 and 67.8%, resp.). The three oils were screened for their antimicrobial activity against three Gram-positive and three Gram-negative bacteria and two fungal species. The efficiency of growth inhibition of Staphylococcus aureus var. aureus was found to decline in the order of A. nieuwenhuizii>A. ligulata ∼ A. galanga, while that of Escherichia coli decreased in the order of A. galanga>A. nieuwenhuzii ∼ A. ligulata. Only the A. galanga oil inhibited the other bacteria and the fungi tested. SN - 1612-1880 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21560240/Chemical_characterization_and_antimicrobial_activity_of_rhizome_essential_oils_of_very_closely_allied_Zingiberaceae_species_endemic_to_Borneo:_Alpinia_ligulata_K__Schum__and_Alpinia_nieuwenhuizii_Val_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/cbdv.201000270 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -