[Transuterine migration of intrauterine contraceptive devices].Rev Med Liege 2011; 66(3):153-8RM
The intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) is frequently used. The use of IUCD can be responsible of serious complications as transuterine migration. In this study, we evaluate the physiopathology, the strategy of diagnosis and treatment of the IUCD translocation.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
We conducted a retrospective study of nine cases of IUCD migration having occurred between 2004 and 2009. We discussed the age, the type of IUCD, the risk factors, the mechanisms of migration, the circumstances and methods of diagnosis, the treatment and the evolution of IUCD migration. Mean age of the patients was 35 years. The risk factors were: multiparity, anteversus uterus, scarred uterus, IUCD postpartal insertion, inexperience of the operator. Most patients were asymptomatic. Two patients had urinary symptoms. The diagnosis of an extrauterine device was confirmed by abdominal X-ray and ultrasound results in all patients. The endoscopic treatment was successful in 66% of cases. All patients had an uneventful recovery. Transuterine migration remains one of the least common but most serious complications associated with the use of an IUCD. This complication could be controlled if thorough gynaecological exam was performed, if risk factors were delineated, if the IUCD was technically well inserted and a rigorous surveillance was performed.