Development of indirect cavernous dural arteriovenous fistula after trapping for direct carotid cavernous fistula. A case report.Interv Neuroradiol. 2011 Mar; 17(1):104-7.IN
A 60-year-old man with direct carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) due to a motor vehicle accident underwent internal carotid artery trapping following high-flow external carotid to internal carotid artery bypass (EC-IC bypass). Follow-up angiography revealed ipsilateral complex indirect cavernous arteriovenous fistula. Although the traumatic indirect CCF angioarchitecture differs from cavernous-sinus dural arteriovenous fistula (CS-DAVF), the present indirect fistula was similar to the latter. Complex indirect CCF can occur after treatment of direct CCF caused by severe head injury.