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Beneficial effect of chromium supplementation on glucose, HbA1C and lipid variables in individuals with newly onset type-2 diabetes.
J Trace Elem Med Biol 2011; 25(3):149-53JT

Abstract

PROJECT

Chromium is an essential nutrient involved in normal carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. It influences glucose metabolism by potentiating the action as taking part in insulin signal amplification mechanism. A placebo-controlled single blind, prospective study was carried out to investigate the effect of chromium supplementation on blood glucose, HbA(1)C and lipid profile in newly onset patients with type-2 diabetes.

PROCEDURE

Total 40 newly onset type-2 diabetics were selected and after 1 month stabilization further randomly divided into two groups viz. study group and placebo group. The study group received 9 g brewer's yeast (42 μg Cr) daily and the other placebo group received yeast devoid of chromium for 3 months. Subjects were instructed not to change their normal eating and living habits. Fasting blood glucose, HbA(1)C and lipid profile were analyzed at beginning and completion of the study.

RESULTS

Results revealed that fasting blood glucose level significantly reduced in the subjects consuming yeast supplemented with chromium (197.65±6.68 to 103.68±6.64 mg/dL; p<0.001). HbA(1)C values improved significantly from 9.51±0.26% to 6.86±0.28%; p<0.001 indicating better glycaemic control. In experimental group total cholesterol, TG and LDL levels were also significantly reduced from 199.66±3.11 to 189.26±3.01 mg/dL; p<0.02, 144.94±8.31 to 126.01±8.26; p<0.05 and 119.19±1.71 to 99.58±1.10; p<0.001 respectively.

CONCLUSIONS

These data demonstrate beneficial effect of chromium supplementation on glycaemic control and lipid variables in subjects with newly onset type-2 diabetes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

College of Home Science, MPUA&T, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21570271

Citation

Sharma, Shilpi, et al. "Beneficial Effect of Chromium Supplementation On Glucose, HbA1C and Lipid Variables in Individuals With Newly Onset Type-2 Diabetes." Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology : Organ of the Society for Minerals and Trace Elements (GMS), vol. 25, no. 3, 2011, pp. 149-53.
Sharma S, Agrawal RP, Choudhary M, et al. Beneficial effect of chromium supplementation on glucose, HbA1C and lipid variables in individuals with newly onset type-2 diabetes. J Trace Elem Med Biol. 2011;25(3):149-53.
Sharma, S., Agrawal, R. P., Choudhary, M., Jain, S., Goyal, S., & Agarwal, V. (2011). Beneficial effect of chromium supplementation on glucose, HbA1C and lipid variables in individuals with newly onset type-2 diabetes. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology : Organ of the Society for Minerals and Trace Elements (GMS), 25(3), pp. 149-53. doi:10.1016/j.jtemb.2011.03.003.
Sharma S, et al. Beneficial Effect of Chromium Supplementation On Glucose, HbA1C and Lipid Variables in Individuals With Newly Onset Type-2 Diabetes. J Trace Elem Med Biol. 2011;25(3):149-53. PubMed PMID: 21570271.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Beneficial effect of chromium supplementation on glucose, HbA1C and lipid variables in individuals with newly onset type-2 diabetes. AU - Sharma,Shilpi, AU - Agrawal,Rajendra Prasad, AU - Choudhary,Maya, AU - Jain,Shreyans, AU - Goyal,Shekhar, AU - Agarwal,Vivek, Y1 - 2011/05/12/ PY - 2010/07/08/received PY - 2011/02/10/revised PY - 2011/03/30/accepted PY - 2011/5/17/entrez PY - 2011/5/17/pubmed PY - 2012/1/12/medline SP - 149 EP - 53 JF - Journal of trace elements in medicine and biology : organ of the Society for Minerals and Trace Elements (GMS) JO - J Trace Elem Med Biol VL - 25 IS - 3 N2 - PROJECT: Chromium is an essential nutrient involved in normal carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. It influences glucose metabolism by potentiating the action as taking part in insulin signal amplification mechanism. A placebo-controlled single blind, prospective study was carried out to investigate the effect of chromium supplementation on blood glucose, HbA(1)C and lipid profile in newly onset patients with type-2 diabetes. PROCEDURE: Total 40 newly onset type-2 diabetics were selected and after 1 month stabilization further randomly divided into two groups viz. study group and placebo group. The study group received 9 g brewer's yeast (42 μg Cr) daily and the other placebo group received yeast devoid of chromium for 3 months. Subjects were instructed not to change their normal eating and living habits. Fasting blood glucose, HbA(1)C and lipid profile were analyzed at beginning and completion of the study. RESULTS: Results revealed that fasting blood glucose level significantly reduced in the subjects consuming yeast supplemented with chromium (197.65±6.68 to 103.68±6.64 mg/dL; p<0.001). HbA(1)C values improved significantly from 9.51±0.26% to 6.86±0.28%; p<0.001 indicating better glycaemic control. In experimental group total cholesterol, TG and LDL levels were also significantly reduced from 199.66±3.11 to 189.26±3.01 mg/dL; p<0.02, 144.94±8.31 to 126.01±8.26; p<0.05 and 119.19±1.71 to 99.58±1.10; p<0.001 respectively. CONCLUSIONS: These data demonstrate beneficial effect of chromium supplementation on glycaemic control and lipid variables in subjects with newly onset type-2 diabetes. SN - 1878-3252 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21570271/Beneficial_effect_of_chromium_supplementation_on_glucose_HbA1C_and_lipid_variables_in_individuals_with_newly_onset_type_2_diabetes_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0946-672X(11)00047-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -