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The changing role of self-efficacy in adolescent smoking initiation.
J Adolesc Health. 2011 Jun; 48(6):597-603.JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Refusal self-efficacy is assumed to be linked to adolescent smoking. The aim of the present study was to examine the changing role of self-efficacy in adolescent smoking over time while controlling for parental, sibling, and friends' smoking.

METHODS

This study used data from five annual waves of the "Family and Health" project. A total of 428 adolescents (mean age = 13.3 years; standard deviation = .48) and their parents participated at baseline. Only never smokers at baseline (n = 272) were included to measure smoking initiation. First, the effects of baseline self-efficacy, parental, sibling, and friends' smoking on adolescent smoking initiation at measurement five were examined. Second, with latent growth curves analyses, individual growth curve parameters of adolescent smoking, self-efficacy, parental, sibling, and friends' smoking were calculated. Subsequently, these growth parameters were used to predict growth of adolescent smoking.

RESULTS

Findings showed that baseline self-efficacy, parental and friends' smoking did not predict adolescent smoking at wave five, but baseline sibling smoking did. However, growth curve parameters showed that a decrease in self-efficacy, an increase in proportion of smoking friends, and an increase in sibling smoking over time were related to an increase in adolescent smoking. Initial levels of sibling and friends' smoking moderated the link between self-efficacy and adolescent smoking over time.

CONCLUSION

A decrease in self-efficacy over time, rather than baseline self-efficacy, is associated with smoking initiation in adolescence. Findings emphasize the need for more fine-grained analyses when looking at self-efficacy or other individual characteristics that might fluctuate over time.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Behavioural Science Institute, Faculty of Social Sciences, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. m.hiemstra@bsi.ru.nlNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21575820

Citation

Hiemstra, Marieke, et al. "The Changing Role of Self-efficacy in Adolescent Smoking Initiation." The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, vol. 48, no. 6, 2011, pp. 597-603.
Hiemstra M, Otten R, de Leeuw RN, et al. The changing role of self-efficacy in adolescent smoking initiation. J Adolesc Health. 2011;48(6):597-603.
Hiemstra, M., Otten, R., de Leeuw, R. N., van Schayck, O. C., & Engels, R. C. (2011). The changing role of self-efficacy in adolescent smoking initiation. The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 48(6), 597-603. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2010.09.011
Hiemstra M, et al. The Changing Role of Self-efficacy in Adolescent Smoking Initiation. J Adolesc Health. 2011;48(6):597-603. PubMed PMID: 21575820.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The changing role of self-efficacy in adolescent smoking initiation. AU - Hiemstra,Marieke, AU - Otten,Roy, AU - de Leeuw,Rebecca N H, AU - van Schayck,Onno C P, AU - Engels,Rutger C M E, Y1 - 2010/12/30/ PY - 2010/03/04/received PY - 2010/09/16/revised PY - 2010/09/17/accepted PY - 2011/5/18/entrez PY - 2011/5/18/pubmed PY - 2011/10/4/medline SP - 597 EP - 603 JF - The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine JO - J Adolesc Health VL - 48 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: Refusal self-efficacy is assumed to be linked to adolescent smoking. The aim of the present study was to examine the changing role of self-efficacy in adolescent smoking over time while controlling for parental, sibling, and friends' smoking. METHODS: This study used data from five annual waves of the "Family and Health" project. A total of 428 adolescents (mean age = 13.3 years; standard deviation = .48) and their parents participated at baseline. Only never smokers at baseline (n = 272) were included to measure smoking initiation. First, the effects of baseline self-efficacy, parental, sibling, and friends' smoking on adolescent smoking initiation at measurement five were examined. Second, with latent growth curves analyses, individual growth curve parameters of adolescent smoking, self-efficacy, parental, sibling, and friends' smoking were calculated. Subsequently, these growth parameters were used to predict growth of adolescent smoking. RESULTS: Findings showed that baseline self-efficacy, parental and friends' smoking did not predict adolescent smoking at wave five, but baseline sibling smoking did. However, growth curve parameters showed that a decrease in self-efficacy, an increase in proportion of smoking friends, and an increase in sibling smoking over time were related to an increase in adolescent smoking. Initial levels of sibling and friends' smoking moderated the link between self-efficacy and adolescent smoking over time. CONCLUSION: A decrease in self-efficacy over time, rather than baseline self-efficacy, is associated with smoking initiation in adolescence. Findings emphasize the need for more fine-grained analyses when looking at self-efficacy or other individual characteristics that might fluctuate over time. SN - 1879-1972 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21575820/The_changing_role_of_self_efficacy_in_adolescent_smoking_initiation_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1054-139X(10)00479-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -