S-methyl-N,N-diethylthiolcarbamate: a disulfiram metabolite and potent rat liver mitochondrial low Km aldehyde dehydrogenase inhibitor.Alcohol. 1990 Mar-Apr; 7(2):165-9.A
S-methyl-N,N-diethylthiolcarbamate-methyl ester (DETC-Me), a proposed disulfiram metabolite, was investigated both in vivo and in vitro for its effectiveness as a liver mitochondrial low Km aldehyde dehydrogenase (L Km ALDH) inhibitor. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were treated intraperitoneally with DETC-Me, killed at various times and L Km ALDH determined. DETC-Me was found to be a more potent in vivo inhibitor of L Km ALDH than either disulfiram, diethyldithiocarbamate (DDTC) or diethyldithiocarbamate-methyl ester (DDTC-Me). The ID50 for DETC-Me, DDTC-Me and disulfiram was 6.5, 15.5 and 56.2 mg/kg, respectively. The ID50 for DDTC was similar to DDTC-Me. Maximal inhibition of L Km ALDH occurred 30 minutes after DETC-Me administration. DETC-Me was ineffective as an in vitro inhibitor. DETC-Me produced a marked disulfiram-ethanol reaction (DER) at one-quarter of the dose of disulfiram or DDTC. Plasma DETC-Me in rats was greater after DETC-Me administration than after DDTC-Me, DDTC or disulfiram. In conclusion, DETC-Me is proposed to be a metabolite of disulfiram, and may be the immediate precursor of the chemical species responsible for L Km ALDH inhibition.