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Complementary medicine for children and young people who have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW

Despite effectiveness of medication in treating children and young people who have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), concerns about the effects of medication on children's developing brains, adverse side-effects, possibility of long-term use, and compliance issues have all contributed to the continuing search for alternative therapies. This article reviews the latest scientific evidence of the effectiveness and safety of these treatments in ADHD.

RECENT FINDINGS

Although there is evidence from a large randomized controlled study that neurofeedback has positive effects on reducing children's symptoms of ADHD, most recent randomized controlled trials have generally yielded negative results. Some positive results exist from a pilot study of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. However, the sample size was far too small to enable any conclusions to be drawn about the evidence. Findings from the recent randomized controlled trials of supplements of essential fatty acids in children who have ADHD clearly demonstrated lack of superiority compared with placebo.

SUMMARY

Notwithstanding efforts made to increase the scientific rigor of previous studies, more recent studies have generally been unsuccessful in demonstrating adequate treatment effects of complementary medicine on children who have ADHD. Currently, there is no proof that complementary medicine provides a better alternative for children who have ADHD than treatments that are currently available within multimodal therapy.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Psychiatry, Trinity College, Ireland. N_Skokauskas@yahoo.com

    , ,

    Source

    Current opinion in psychiatry 24:4 2011 Jul pg 291-300

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
    Child
    Combined Modality Therapy
    Complementary Therapies
    Dietary Supplements
    Electroacupuncture
    Humans
    Neurofeedback
    Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
    Treatment Outcome

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    21602686

    Citation

    Skokauskas, Norbert, et al. "Complementary Medicine for Children and Young People Who Have Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder." Current Opinion in Psychiatry, vol. 24, no. 4, 2011, pp. 291-300.
    Skokauskas N, McNicholas F, Masaud T, et al. Complementary medicine for children and young people who have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2011;24(4):291-300.
    Skokauskas, N., McNicholas, F., Masaud, T., & Frodl, T. (2011). Complementary medicine for children and young people who have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 24(4), pp. 291-300. doi:10.1097/YCO.0b013e32834776bd.
    Skokauskas N, et al. Complementary Medicine for Children and Young People Who Have Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2011;24(4):291-300. PubMed PMID: 21602686.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Complementary medicine for children and young people who have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. AU - Skokauskas,Norbert, AU - McNicholas,Fiona, AU - Masaud,Tawfik, AU - Frodl,Thomas, PY - 2011/5/24/entrez PY - 2011/5/24/pubmed PY - 2011/10/29/medline SP - 291 EP - 300 JF - Current opinion in psychiatry JO - Curr Opin Psychiatry VL - 24 IS - 4 N2 - PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite effectiveness of medication in treating children and young people who have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), concerns about the effects of medication on children's developing brains, adverse side-effects, possibility of long-term use, and compliance issues have all contributed to the continuing search for alternative therapies. This article reviews the latest scientific evidence of the effectiveness and safety of these treatments in ADHD. RECENT FINDINGS: Although there is evidence from a large randomized controlled study that neurofeedback has positive effects on reducing children's symptoms of ADHD, most recent randomized controlled trials have generally yielded negative results. Some positive results exist from a pilot study of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. However, the sample size was far too small to enable any conclusions to be drawn about the evidence. Findings from the recent randomized controlled trials of supplements of essential fatty acids in children who have ADHD clearly demonstrated lack of superiority compared with placebo. SUMMARY: Notwithstanding efforts made to increase the scientific rigor of previous studies, more recent studies have generally been unsuccessful in demonstrating adequate treatment effects of complementary medicine on children who have ADHD. Currently, there is no proof that complementary medicine provides a better alternative for children who have ADHD than treatments that are currently available within multimodal therapy. SN - 1473-6578 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21602686/Complementary_medicine_for_children_and_young_people_who_have_attention_deficit_hyperactivity_disorder_ L2 - http://Insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=21602686 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -