Cost-utility of add-on omalizumab in difficult-to-treat allergic asthma in Italy.Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol. 2011 Mar; 43(2):45-53.EA
Omalizumab (OM), an innovative biological treatment for difficult asthma with perennial sensitisations, is an humanized monoclonal anti-IgE antibody that binds free circulating IgE; inhibits mast cell and basophil activation by combining free IgE, leads to IgE receptor down-regulation, thus blocking the inflammatory cascade.
AIM OF THE STUDY
To assess real-world cost-utility ofadd-on OM in Italy.
changes in clinical and economical outcomes, and in quality of life (QoL) associated with add-on OM in adults (n=23) with severe dfficult asthma were compared with those recorded before OM in the same subjects. Variables were: lung function; IgE levels; health status; ACT score; QoL (SGRQ); n. GP and specialist visits; emergency visits; hospitalizations, and concomitant pharmacological treatments. Further indices were: changes in Health-related QoL; total health-care costs, and incremental cost/utility. Data were statistically compared (Student's T test), and p < 0.01 was accepted for statistical significance.
asthma clinical outcomes and patients' health-related quality of life improved significantly by adding OM, and both costs for drugs and hospital care dropped significantly (p < 0.01). The net economic effect was a 350 Euro increase in overall monthly costs; when related to health benefits, it corresponded to an incremental cost/utility ratio ofabout 26,000 Euro/QALY, which represents a quite favourable figure in terms of willingness to pay for health benefits in industrialised countries.
Omalizumab added to an optimised therapy significantly improves clinical outcomes in difficult-to-treat, persistent allergic asthma. Costs also increased, but proved justified by health benefits achieved.