[Development of Chinese version of children's fear survey schedule-dental subscale].Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2011 Apr; 46(4):218-21.ZK
To establish the Chinese version of the modified children's fear survey schedule-dental subscale (CFSS-DS).
The original English version of CFSS-DS with facial image scale (FIS) was translated into Chinese, pre-tested and cross-culturally adapted. Subsequently the Chinese version schedule was randomly investigated among 367 children aged 5 - 12 years and their parents. Reliability and validity of the translated scale was evaluated later.
Totally 367 children were investigated and 311 valid questionnaire was received. Cronbach's alpha of the translated scale was 0.85 and test-rest reliability was 0.73. The 15 items were divided into four domains. There was a certain logical relationship between the items among the same domains. There was highly significant association between the self-report of the Modified CFSS-DS and Frankl Behavioral Scale (r(s) = -0.403, P < 0.01).
The Chinese version of modified CFSS-DS has been established successfully with good psychometric properties which provide the theoretical evidence for further application in Chinese population.