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The role of mood and personality in the perception of emotions represented by music.
Cortex. 2011 Oct; 47(9):1099-106.C

Abstract

Neuroimaging studies investigating the processing of emotions have traditionally considered variance between subjects as statistical noise. However, according to behavioural studies, individual differences in emotional processing appear to be an inherent part of the process itself. Temporary mood states as well as stable personality traits have been shown to influence the processing of emotions, causing trait- and mood-congruent biases. The primary aim of this study was to explore how listeners' personality and mood are reflected in their evaluations of discrete emotions represented by music. A related aim was to investigate the role of personality in music preferences. An experiment was carried out where 67 participants evaluated 50 music excerpts in terms of perceived emotions (anger, fear, happiness, sadness, and tenderness) and preference. Current mood was associated with mood-congruent biases in the evaluation of emotions represented by music, but extraversion moderated the degree of mood-congruence. Personality traits were strongly connected with preference ratings, and the correlations reflected the trait-congruent patterns obtained in prior studies investigating self-referential emotional processing. Implications for future behavioural and neuroimaging studies on music and emotions are raised.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Finnish Centre of Excellence in Interdisciplinary Music Research, University of Jyväskylä, Finland. jonna.vuoskoski@jyu.fiNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21612773

Citation

Vuoskoski, Jonna K., and Tuomas Eerola. "The Role of Mood and Personality in the Perception of Emotions Represented By Music." Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior, vol. 47, no. 9, 2011, pp. 1099-106.
Vuoskoski JK, Eerola T. The role of mood and personality in the perception of emotions represented by music. Cortex. 2011;47(9):1099-106.
Vuoskoski, J. K., & Eerola, T. (2011). The role of mood and personality in the perception of emotions represented by music. Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior, 47(9), 1099-106. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2011.04.011
Vuoskoski JK, Eerola T. The Role of Mood and Personality in the Perception of Emotions Represented By Music. Cortex. 2011;47(9):1099-106. PubMed PMID: 21612773.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The role of mood and personality in the perception of emotions represented by music. AU - Vuoskoski,Jonna K, AU - Eerola,Tuomas, Y1 - 2011/04/30/ PY - 2009/09/16/received PY - 2010/02/03/revised PY - 2010/11/05/accepted PY - 2011/5/27/entrez PY - 2011/5/27/pubmed PY - 2011/12/14/medline SP - 1099 EP - 106 JF - Cortex; a journal devoted to the study of the nervous system and behavior JO - Cortex VL - 47 IS - 9 N2 - Neuroimaging studies investigating the processing of emotions have traditionally considered variance between subjects as statistical noise. However, according to behavioural studies, individual differences in emotional processing appear to be an inherent part of the process itself. Temporary mood states as well as stable personality traits have been shown to influence the processing of emotions, causing trait- and mood-congruent biases. The primary aim of this study was to explore how listeners' personality and mood are reflected in their evaluations of discrete emotions represented by music. A related aim was to investigate the role of personality in music preferences. An experiment was carried out where 67 participants evaluated 50 music excerpts in terms of perceived emotions (anger, fear, happiness, sadness, and tenderness) and preference. Current mood was associated with mood-congruent biases in the evaluation of emotions represented by music, but extraversion moderated the degree of mood-congruence. Personality traits were strongly connected with preference ratings, and the correlations reflected the trait-congruent patterns obtained in prior studies investigating self-referential emotional processing. Implications for future behavioural and neuroimaging studies on music and emotions are raised. SN - 1973-8102 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21612773/The_role_of_mood_and_personality_in_the_perception_of_emotions_represented_by_music_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0010-9452(11)00106-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -