What, how, and how much should patients with burns be fed?Surg Clin North Am 2011; 91(3):609-29SC
The hypermetabolic response to severe burn injury is characterized by hyperdynamic circulation and profound metabolic, physiologic, catabolic, and immune system derangements. Failure to satisfy overwhelming energy and protein requirements after, and during, severe burn injury results in multiorgan dysfunction, increased susceptibility to infection, and death. Attenuation of the hypermetabolic response by various pharmacologic modalities is emerging as an essential component of the management of patients with severe burn injury. This review focuses on the more recent advances in therapeutic strategies to attenuate the hypermetabolic response and its postburn-associated insulin resistance.