Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

The association of traumatic experiences and posttraumatic stress disorder with physical morbidity in old age: a German population-based study.
Psychosom Med. 2011 Jun; 73(5):401-6.PM

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine the relationship of traumatic experiences and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among a representative population sample of 1456 German elderly (60-85 years). Several studies have suggested that PTSD and traumatic experiences are related to adverse health outcomes. However, many past studies were based on special samples such as combat veterans or survivors of natural disasters.

METHODS

Using self-report data and regression analyses, we investigated the association of traumatic experiences and PTSD with several medical conditions.

RESULTS

Traumatized subjects had a significantly increased risk for all the medical conditions under study compared with those participants without a traumatic exposure, ranging from odds ratio of 1.37 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.07-1.75) for hypertension up to 5.12 (95% CI = 2.25-11.6) for cancer. There are significant associations of current PTSD with cardiovascular diseases (angina pectoris/coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, and peripheral vascular disease) and cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension and elevated cholesterol level; odds ratio of 1.94 [95% CI = 1.14-3.31]) for peripheral vascular disease up to 3.76 [95% CI = 2.11-6.70] for elevated cholesterol level), as well as with asthma, cancer, back pain, hard of hearing, osteoporosis, stomach problems, and thyroid disorders.

CONCLUSIONS

These findings suggest an association between traumatic stress and PTSD with impaired physical health in a general population sample in the German elderly. It underscores the importance of traumatic experiences and PTSD not only for mental health but also for physical health as a long-term consequence.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology, University of Leipzig, Philipp-Rosenthal-Str. 55, 04103 Leipzig, Germany. Heide.Glaesmer@medizin.uni-leipzig.deNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21636658

Citation

Glaesmer, Heide, et al. "The Association of Traumatic Experiences and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder With Physical Morbidity in Old Age: a German Population-based Study." Psychosomatic Medicine, vol. 73, no. 5, 2011, pp. 401-6.
Glaesmer H, Brähler E, Gündel H, et al. The association of traumatic experiences and posttraumatic stress disorder with physical morbidity in old age: a German population-based study. Psychosom Med. 2011;73(5):401-6.
Glaesmer, H., Brähler, E., Gündel, H., & Riedel-Heller, S. G. (2011). The association of traumatic experiences and posttraumatic stress disorder with physical morbidity in old age: a German population-based study. Psychosomatic Medicine, 73(5), 401-6. https://doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0b013e31821b47e8
Glaesmer H, et al. The Association of Traumatic Experiences and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder With Physical Morbidity in Old Age: a German Population-based Study. Psychosom Med. 2011;73(5):401-6. PubMed PMID: 21636658.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The association of traumatic experiences and posttraumatic stress disorder with physical morbidity in old age: a German population-based study. AU - Glaesmer,Heide, AU - Brähler,Elmar, AU - Gündel,Harald, AU - Riedel-Heller,Steffi G, Y1 - 2011/06/02/ PY - 2011/6/4/entrez PY - 2011/6/4/pubmed PY - 2012/3/16/medline SP - 401 EP - 6 JF - Psychosomatic medicine JO - Psychosom Med VL - 73 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship of traumatic experiences and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among a representative population sample of 1456 German elderly (60-85 years). Several studies have suggested that PTSD and traumatic experiences are related to adverse health outcomes. However, many past studies were based on special samples such as combat veterans or survivors of natural disasters. METHODS: Using self-report data and regression analyses, we investigated the association of traumatic experiences and PTSD with several medical conditions. RESULTS: Traumatized subjects had a significantly increased risk for all the medical conditions under study compared with those participants without a traumatic exposure, ranging from odds ratio of 1.37 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.07-1.75) for hypertension up to 5.12 (95% CI = 2.25-11.6) for cancer. There are significant associations of current PTSD with cardiovascular diseases (angina pectoris/coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, and peripheral vascular disease) and cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension and elevated cholesterol level; odds ratio of 1.94 [95% CI = 1.14-3.31]) for peripheral vascular disease up to 3.76 [95% CI = 2.11-6.70] for elevated cholesterol level), as well as with asthma, cancer, back pain, hard of hearing, osteoporosis, stomach problems, and thyroid disorders. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest an association between traumatic stress and PTSD with impaired physical health in a general population sample in the German elderly. It underscores the importance of traumatic experiences and PTSD not only for mental health but also for physical health as a long-term consequence. SN - 1534-7796 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21636658/The_association_of_traumatic_experiences_and_posttraumatic_stress_disorder_with_physical_morbidity_in_old_age:_a_German_population_based_study_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0b013e31821b47e8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -