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Effects of chronic, heavy cannabis use on executive functions.

Abstract

This case describes the clinical course of a cannabis-dependent individual entering a 12-week abstinence-based research program. The case illustrates the effects of chronic, heavy cannabis use on executive functions at three time points: 1) 24 hours of abstinence; 2) 4 weeks of abstinence; and 3) 12 weeks of abstinence. It is followed by discussions by two clinical psychologists and a psychiatrist. The findings described here have important clinical implications, as executive functions have a vital role in treatment participation and in sustaining recovery. It should be of particular interest to clinicians who work with people with cannabis use disorders.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Committee on the Neurobiology of Addictive Disorders; The Scripps Research Institute; La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA.

    , , , ,

    Source

    Journal of addiction medicine 5:1 2011 Mar pg 9-15

    MeSH

    Adult
    Affect
    Attention
    Decision Making
    Dronabinol
    Executive Function
    Female
    Humans
    Inhibition (Psychology)
    Marijuana Abuse
    Neuropsychological Tests
    Rehabilitation, Vocational
    Substance Abuse Detection
    Substance Withdrawal Syndrome
    Token Economy

    Pub Type(s)

    Case Reports
    Journal Article
    Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    21643485

    Citation

    Crean, Rebecca D., et al. "Effects of Chronic, Heavy Cannabis Use On Executive Functions." Journal of Addiction Medicine, vol. 5, no. 1, 2011, pp. 9-15.
    Crean RD, Tapert SF, Minassian A, et al. Effects of chronic, heavy cannabis use on executive functions. J Addict Med. 2011;5(1):9-15.
    Crean, R. D., Tapert, S. F., Minassian, A., Macdonald, K., Crane, N. A., & Mason, B. J. (2011). Effects of chronic, heavy cannabis use on executive functions. Journal of Addiction Medicine, 5(1), pp. 9-15. doi:10.1097/ADM.0b013e31820cdd57.
    Crean RD, et al. Effects of Chronic, Heavy Cannabis Use On Executive Functions. J Addict Med. 2011;5(1):9-15. PubMed PMID: 21643485.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of chronic, heavy cannabis use on executive functions. AU - Crean,Rebecca D, AU - Tapert,Susan F, AU - Minassian,Arpi, AU - Macdonald,Kai, AU - Crane,Natania A, AU - Mason,Barbara J, PY - 2011/6/7/entrez PY - 2011/6/7/pubmed PY - 2011/9/7/medline KW - cannabis KW - cognitive impairment KW - executive functions KW - marijuana KW - neuropsychological assessment SP - 9 EP - 15 JF - Journal of addiction medicine JO - J Addict Med VL - 5 IS - 1 N2 - This case describes the clinical course of a cannabis-dependent individual entering a 12-week abstinence-based research program. The case illustrates the effects of chronic, heavy cannabis use on executive functions at three time points: 1) 24 hours of abstinence; 2) 4 weeks of abstinence; and 3) 12 weeks of abstinence. It is followed by discussions by two clinical psychologists and a psychiatrist. The findings described here have important clinical implications, as executive functions have a vital role in treatment participation and in sustaining recovery. It should be of particular interest to clinicians who work with people with cannabis use disorders. SN - 1932-0620 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21643485/Effects_of_chronic_heavy_cannabis_use_on_executive_functions_ L2 - http://Insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=21643485 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -