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Early risk factors for being a bully, victim, or bully/victim in late elementary and early secondary education. The longitudinal TRAILS study.
BMC Public Health 2011; 11:440BP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Data regarding the impact of early risk factors on later involvement in bullying are scarce. We investigated the impact of preschool behaviors, family characteristics (socio-economic status, family breakup) and parental mental health on bullying and victimization at age 11 (T1) and age 13.5 (T2).

METHODS

longitudinal data from a subsample of the TRacking Adolescents' Individual Lives Survey (TRAILS) (T1: N = 982; T2: N = 977). TRAILS is a prospective study of adolescent mental health in a mixed urban and rural region of the Netherlands. At T1 parents reported on family characteristics, parental mental health and retrospectively on children's preschool behavior at age 4-5. Schoolmates reported involvement of adolescents in bullying or victimization at T1 and T2.

RESULTS

Children with preschool anxiety were less likely to be bully/victim at T1. Children with preschool aggressiveness were more likely to be bully (T1), bully/victim (T1 and T2) and victim (T2) and children with good preschool motor functioning were more likely to be bully (T1) and less likely to be victim (T1 and T2). Children from low socioeconomic status families were more likely be to be bully, victim, or bully/victim and less likely to be uninvolved both at T1 and T2. Finally, children from intact two parent families were more likely to be uninvolved at T2.

CONCLUSION

Preschool behavioral, emotional and motor problems, socioeconomic status, and family breakup are related to involvement in bullying at a later age. Prevention of bullying and its consequences can be enhanced by focusing on risk groups in early life.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Health Sciences, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, 9700 AD Groningen, The Netherlands. d.e.m.c.jansen@med.umcg.nlNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21645403

Citation

Jansen, Danielle Emc, et al. "Early Risk Factors for Being a Bully, Victim, or Bully/victim in Late Elementary and Early Secondary Education. the Longitudinal TRAILS Study." BMC Public Health, vol. 11, 2011, p. 440.
Jansen DE, Veenstra R, Ormel J, et al. Early risk factors for being a bully, victim, or bully/victim in late elementary and early secondary education. The longitudinal TRAILS study. BMC Public Health. 2011;11:440.
Jansen, D. E., Veenstra, R., Ormel, J., Verhulst, F. C., & Reijneveld, S. A. (2011). Early risk factors for being a bully, victim, or bully/victim in late elementary and early secondary education. The longitudinal TRAILS study. BMC Public Health, 11, p. 440. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-440.
Jansen DE, et al. Early Risk Factors for Being a Bully, Victim, or Bully/victim in Late Elementary and Early Secondary Education. the Longitudinal TRAILS Study. BMC Public Health. 2011 Jun 6;11:440. PubMed PMID: 21645403.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Early risk factors for being a bully, victim, or bully/victim in late elementary and early secondary education. The longitudinal TRAILS study. AU - Jansen,Danielle Emc, AU - Veenstra,René, AU - Ormel,Johan, AU - Verhulst,Frank C, AU - Reijneveld,Sijmen A, Y1 - 2011/06/06/ PY - 2011/04/06/received PY - 2011/06/06/accepted PY - 2011/6/8/entrez PY - 2011/6/8/pubmed PY - 2011/10/27/medline SP - 440 EP - 440 JF - BMC public health JO - BMC Public Health VL - 11 N2 - BACKGROUND: Data regarding the impact of early risk factors on later involvement in bullying are scarce. We investigated the impact of preschool behaviors, family characteristics (socio-economic status, family breakup) and parental mental health on bullying and victimization at age 11 (T1) and age 13.5 (T2). METHODS: longitudinal data from a subsample of the TRacking Adolescents' Individual Lives Survey (TRAILS) (T1: N = 982; T2: N = 977). TRAILS is a prospective study of adolescent mental health in a mixed urban and rural region of the Netherlands. At T1 parents reported on family characteristics, parental mental health and retrospectively on children's preschool behavior at age 4-5. Schoolmates reported involvement of adolescents in bullying or victimization at T1 and T2. RESULTS: Children with preschool anxiety were less likely to be bully/victim at T1. Children with preschool aggressiveness were more likely to be bully (T1), bully/victim (T1 and T2) and victim (T2) and children with good preschool motor functioning were more likely to be bully (T1) and less likely to be victim (T1 and T2). Children from low socioeconomic status families were more likely be to be bully, victim, or bully/victim and less likely to be uninvolved both at T1 and T2. Finally, children from intact two parent families were more likely to be uninvolved at T2. CONCLUSION: Preschool behavioral, emotional and motor problems, socioeconomic status, and family breakup are related to involvement in bullying at a later age. Prevention of bullying and its consequences can be enhanced by focusing on risk groups in early life. SN - 1471-2458 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21645403/Early_risk_factors_for_being_a_bully_victim_or_bully/victim_in_late_elementary_and_early_secondary_education__The_longitudinal_TRAILS_study_ L2 - https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2458-11-440 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -