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Dairy products and its association with incidence of cardiovascular disease: the Malmö diet and cancer cohort.
Eur J Epidemiol 2011; 26(8):609-18EJ

Abstract

It is unclear whether specific dairy products are associated with risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of this project was therefore to examine the association between intake of milk, cheese, cream and butter, and incidence of CVD in the Swedish Malmö Diet and Cancer cohort. Milk was separated into fermented (yoghurt and cultured sour milk) versus non-fermented milk, and low-fat versus high-fat milk. Among 26,445 individuals without a history of myocardial infarction, stroke and diabetes (44-74 years; 62% females), 2,520 CVD cases (coronary and stroke events) were identified during a mean follow-up time of 12 years. Dietary data was collected using a modified diet history method. Overall consumption of dairy products was inversely associated with risk of CVD (P (trend) = 0.05). Among the specific dairy products, a statistically significant inverse relationship was observed only for fermented milk. The highest versus lowest intake category of fermented milk was associated with 15% (95% CI: 5-24%; P (trend) = 0.003) decreased incidence of CVD. We observed a statistically significant interaction between sex and cheese intake (P = 0.046). Cheese intake was significantly associated with decreased CVD risk in women (P (trend) = 0.03), but not in men (P (trend) = 0.98). The main finding was that a high intake of fermented milk may reduce the risk of CVD. This study suggests that it is important to examine dairy products separately when investigating their health effects.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Clinical Sciences in Malmö, Clincial Research Centre, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital Malmö, Sweden. emily.sonestedt@med.lu.seNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21660519

Citation

Sonestedt, Emily, et al. "Dairy Products and Its Association With Incidence of Cardiovascular Disease: the Malmö Diet and Cancer Cohort." European Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 26, no. 8, 2011, pp. 609-18.
Sonestedt E, Wirfält E, Wallström P, et al. Dairy products and its association with incidence of cardiovascular disease: the Malmö diet and cancer cohort. Eur J Epidemiol. 2011;26(8):609-18.
Sonestedt, E., Wirfält, E., Wallström, P., Gullberg, B., Orho-Melander, M., & Hedblad, B. (2011). Dairy products and its association with incidence of cardiovascular disease: the Malmö diet and cancer cohort. European Journal of Epidemiology, 26(8), pp. 609-18. doi:10.1007/s10654-011-9589-y.
Sonestedt E, et al. Dairy Products and Its Association With Incidence of Cardiovascular Disease: the Malmö Diet and Cancer Cohort. Eur J Epidemiol. 2011;26(8):609-18. PubMed PMID: 21660519.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dairy products and its association with incidence of cardiovascular disease: the Malmö diet and cancer cohort. AU - Sonestedt,Emily, AU - Wirfält,Elisabet, AU - Wallström,Peter, AU - Gullberg,Bo, AU - Orho-Melander,Marju, AU - Hedblad,Bo, Y1 - 2011/06/10/ PY - 2011/01/12/received PY - 2011/05/24/accepted PY - 2011/6/11/entrez PY - 2011/6/11/pubmed PY - 2012/1/12/medline SP - 609 EP - 18 JF - European journal of epidemiology JO - Eur. J. Epidemiol. VL - 26 IS - 8 N2 - It is unclear whether specific dairy products are associated with risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of this project was therefore to examine the association between intake of milk, cheese, cream and butter, and incidence of CVD in the Swedish Malmö Diet and Cancer cohort. Milk was separated into fermented (yoghurt and cultured sour milk) versus non-fermented milk, and low-fat versus high-fat milk. Among 26,445 individuals without a history of myocardial infarction, stroke and diabetes (44-74 years; 62% females), 2,520 CVD cases (coronary and stroke events) were identified during a mean follow-up time of 12 years. Dietary data was collected using a modified diet history method. Overall consumption of dairy products was inversely associated with risk of CVD (P (trend) = 0.05). Among the specific dairy products, a statistically significant inverse relationship was observed only for fermented milk. The highest versus lowest intake category of fermented milk was associated with 15% (95% CI: 5-24%; P (trend) = 0.003) decreased incidence of CVD. We observed a statistically significant interaction between sex and cheese intake (P = 0.046). Cheese intake was significantly associated with decreased CVD risk in women (P (trend) = 0.03), but not in men (P (trend) = 0.98). The main finding was that a high intake of fermented milk may reduce the risk of CVD. This study suggests that it is important to examine dairy products separately when investigating their health effects. SN - 1573-7284 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21660519/Dairy_products_and_its_association_with_incidence_of_cardiovascular_disease:_the_Malmö_diet_and_cancer_cohort_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1007/s10654-011-9589-y DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -