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Flourishing, substance use, and engagement in students entering college: a preliminary study.
J Am Coll Health 2011; 59(6):555-61JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The present study explores the association between positive mental health or flourishing, depression, and engaged learning in undergraduates.

PARTICIPANTS

Entering first year students (N = 428) at a liberal arts college.

METHODS

Students completed measures of depression, flourishing, substance use, and student engagement.

RESULTS

Based on Keyes' model of mental health,(1) 69.1% of students were flourishing, 29.0% were moderately mentally healthy, and 1.9% were languishing. In addition, 21.8% of students had elevated depression scores, and these scores were highly correlated with languishing. Alcohol consumption and binge drinking were not associated with measures of mental health. However, certain kinds of student engagement were associated with flourishing.

CONCLUSIONS

Results suggest more flourishing in this sample entering college than in previous studies of high school students or adults. Future research should explore flourishing in undergraduates in more diverse samples across educational institutions, and employ prospective designs.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Bates College, Lewiston, ME 04240, USA. klow@bates.edu

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21660811

Citation

Low, Kathryn Graff. "Flourishing, Substance Use, and Engagement in Students Entering College: a Preliminary Study." Journal of American College Health : J of ACH, vol. 59, no. 6, 2011, pp. 555-61.
Low KG. Flourishing, substance use, and engagement in students entering college: a preliminary study. J Am Coll Health. 2011;59(6):555-61.
Low, K. G. (2011). Flourishing, substance use, and engagement in students entering college: a preliminary study. Journal of American College Health : J of ACH, 59(6), pp. 555-61. doi:10.1080/07448481.2011.563432.
Low KG. Flourishing, Substance Use, and Engagement in Students Entering College: a Preliminary Study. J Am Coll Health. 2011;59(6):555-61. PubMed PMID: 21660811.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Flourishing, substance use, and engagement in students entering college: a preliminary study. A1 - Low,Kathryn Graff, PY - 2011/6/11/entrez PY - 2011/6/11/pubmed PY - 2011/10/14/medline SP - 555 EP - 61 JF - Journal of American college health : J of ACH JO - J Am Coll Health VL - 59 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The present study explores the association between positive mental health or flourishing, depression, and engaged learning in undergraduates. PARTICIPANTS: Entering first year students (N = 428) at a liberal arts college. METHODS: Students completed measures of depression, flourishing, substance use, and student engagement. RESULTS: Based on Keyes' model of mental health,(1) 69.1% of students were flourishing, 29.0% were moderately mentally healthy, and 1.9% were languishing. In addition, 21.8% of students had elevated depression scores, and these scores were highly correlated with languishing. Alcohol consumption and binge drinking were not associated with measures of mental health. However, certain kinds of student engagement were associated with flourishing. CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest more flourishing in this sample entering college than in previous studies of high school students or adults. Future research should explore flourishing in undergraduates in more diverse samples across educational institutions, and employ prospective designs. SN - 1940-3208 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21660811/Flourishing_substance_use_and_engagement_in_students_entering_college:_a_preliminary_study_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/07448481.2011.563432 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -